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Vocabulary

To correspond with the article "Arming Iraq and Iran" in the World Press Review Iraq Anthology 1981-2003.

All definitions are from Webster’s New World College Dictionary, Fourth Edition, except where noted.


Camp David peace accords: (Sept. 17, 1978), two agreements between Israel and Egypt that led in the following year to a negotiated peace between those two nations, the first between Israel and any of its Arab neighbors. The accords were negotiated at Camp David between Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian president Anwar Sadat, and were witnessed by U.S. president Jimmy Carter.
“When Egypt broke with the Soviets at the time of the Camp David peace accords in 1978, it managed to establish a supply link for parts for its MiGs and for Soviet tanks and artillery from China.”
Source: Encyclopædia Britannica

denounce: a) to accuse publicly; inform against b) to condemn strongly as evil
“...the country that has denounced Chinese arms sales and banned sales of its own chemicals to both sides...”

maverick: a person who takes an independent stand, as in politics, from that of a party or group
“Another communist maverick has been Romania...”

NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization: military alliance established by the North Atlantic Treaty (also called the Washington Treaty) of April 4, 1949, which sought to create a counterweight to Soviet armies stationed in central and eastern Europe after World War II. Its original members were Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Since 1952, the Czech Republic, Germany (West Germany 1955-1990), Greece, Hungary, Poland, Spain, and Turkey have joined the organization.
“While it is less sophisticated than the latest NATO or Warsaw Pact tanks, it is still a formidable fighting vehicle and considerably simpler to maintain.”
Source: Encyclopædia Britannica

per capita income: income per person
“But in per capita income China is vastly poor.”

shah: title of the kings of Iran, or Persia
“Israel supposedly stopped helping the Iranian forces-with which it had extensive ties during the shah's regime...”

thermonuclear: employing the heat energy released in nuclear fusion
“This is not a term that usually springs to mind to describe a nation that has thermonuclear weapons and makes military jets and tanks.”

transshipped: to transfer from one ship, train, truck, etc., to another for reshipment
“A large business exists in which military-type vehicles are bought by firms in neutral countries and then transshipped to Iran and Iraq.”

Warsaw Pact: political and military alliance of the Soviet Union and East European socialist states...formed in 1955 as a counterweight to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), created in 1949. On May 14, 1955, the Soviet Union institutionalized its East European alliance system, henceforth known as the Warsaw Pact, when it met with representatives from Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania in Warsaw to sign the multilateral Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance, which was identical to their existing bilateral treaties with the Soviet Union.
“While it is less sophisticated than the latest NATO or Warsaw Pact tanks, it is still a formidable fighting vehicle and considerably simpler to maintain.”
Source: Library of Congress, Federal Research Division, Country Studies

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