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The Stanley Foundation

World Press Review is a program of the Stanley Foundation.

October 2001
violence kingston
A man shot during fights in Kingston, Jamaica arrives at the hospital for treatment (Photo: Jamaica Gleaner).
This Island Is Not a Nation
July 7 in Kingston, Jamaica, was a familiar refrain from the 1960s: the rough-and-tumble of party politics played out by police and gangs. Three days of clashes left at least 25 dead. The latest disorder erupted after a series of tit-for-tat killings precipitated by the murder of a gang leader tied to the ruling party. The government sent troops into the Tivoli Garden neighborhood, ostensibly to disarm gunmen, but the opposition claims the action was really an assault on its supporters. Ian Boyne, of Kingston's The Jamaica Gleaner, reports...

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Russia's "Dirty" Security Sweeps | The Guardian, London
What War? | Obshchaya Gazeta, Moscow

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September 2001
Available Only in the Print Edition:
Still the Most Powerful Man in Peru
| Ideele, Lima
Genocide on Trial in Belgium | L'Express, Paris
Children of the Battlefield | Ha'aretz, Tel Aviv

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August 2001
Afghani Refugee
An Afghan refugee stands near a group of women the end of June 2001 in Lala Guzar refugee camp, in Afghanistan's northeastern Takhar province. (Photo: AFP)
Surviving the Winter on Mulberries
“Isolated from the rest of the country, tens of thousands of people in the mountains of northeastern Afghanistan live in increasingly dire circumstances.

“The first European face we have seen in our week of travel through northern Afghanistan belongs to a Russian major, who is serving out his lonely tour of duty here on the Afghanistan-Tajikistan border, at the foot of snow-covered 20,000-foot mountains....”

Andreas Rüesch, writing for Zurich's conservative Neue Zürcher Zeitung, reports on his visit to drought-striken northeastern Afghanistan. Full Story

Delegates of Berber towns during a banned protest in Algiers, held July 5, 2001 (Photo: AFP)
The Rise of North Africa's Berber's
Recent clashes between Algerian security forces and the Berbers of Kabylia have once again spotlighted the plight of minorities in North Africa, whose rights are often trampled by Arab-controlled regimes.

Since April, at least 90 people have died and some 800 have been injured in confrontations between Berber demonstrators and police in the Kabylia region, east of Algiers. On June 15, four people were killed and hundreds injured in a massive antigovernment demonstration in Algiers.

Nizar Al-Aly, writing for Rome's Inter Press Service, provides a historical perspective. 0801nations2.htm

July 2001
Disputed Oil Production in Southern Sudan
Canadian, Chinese, and Malaysian oil companies are shipping 212,000 barrels of oil a day out of southern Sudan. Witnesses allege that the Sudanese army has been razing the areas surrounding the oil fields, leaving the local inhabitants homeless. Kristina Bergmann reports for Zurich, Switzerland's conservative daily, Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Full Story

At a Glance:
BRAZIL: Patent Wars
“The commercial war between Brazil and the North will not stop at mad cow disease: Already, we are gearing up to face the World Trade Organization (WTO) for another much more significant trade battle. Leaning on the Paris Convention of 1883, Brazil has long refused to recognize foreign patents on medications, allowing any national corporation to manufacture cheap generics, similar to the medications patented abroad, without paying royalties. Fernando Henrique Cardoso’s government, however, has bowed to pressures from the WTO and the United States, and in May 1996 ushered through Congress a law recognizing foreign patents, albeit with a few safeguards.”
Istoé (weekly newsmagazine),
São Paulo, Brazil, Feb. 28, 2001. From the May 2001 issue of World Press Review (VOL.48, No.5).

ISRAEL: Preoccupied by Syria
“The polished Arabic used by Sheik Sayed Hassan Nasrallah, director-general of [the Lebanese radical Islamist group] Hezbollah, this week drew him into unfamiliar metaphorical realms. He called [Israeli] Prime Minister-elect Ariel Sharon a ‘hideous toad with [an] annoying croak,’ described former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu as ‘weaker than a mosquito’s wing,’ and dubbed Prime Minister Ehud Barak ‘flabbier than a spider web.’ The government of Israel, he said, ‘is haunted by a ghost called Hezbollah—in every action Palestinians take, it sees a Hezbollah plot. If only we were carrying out the actions within Palestine. But these were the Palestinians.’ ”
—Zvi Bar’el, Ha’aretz Week’s End (liberal), Tel Aviv, Israel, Feb. 23, 2001. From the May 2001 issue of World Press Review (VOL.48, No.5).
VIETNAM: The Cunning of the Great Serpents
“Vietnam is continuing its struggle to build a socialist society, regardless of whether it takes a century or more, assures Le Kha Phieu, first secretary of the Central Committee of the Vietnamese Communist Party. Socialism or not, business is business—as attested to by the deeds of Vo Viet Thanh, the head of the Municipal People’s Committee in Ho Chi Minh City.”
—Jan Trzcinski, Rzeczpospolita (independent),
Warsaw, Poland, Dec. 18, 2000. From the March 2001 issue of World Press Review (VOL.48, No.3).

CUBA AND VENEZUELA: Oil Politics - Castro and Chávez
Although Cuban President Fidel Castro’s visit to Venezuela in October was met by labor protests, the official welcome from President Hugo Chávez included discussion of an agreement under which Venezuela will sell oil to Cuba. “The Venezuelan president wants to create a new power bloc in Latin America and the Caribbean as part of his multipolar conception of the world. But until now, he has not said whether Castro will be at its head, or whether he is thinking of leading it himself, or perhaps both,” says the centrist newsmagazine Semana of Bogotá, Colombia .
Semana (centrist newsmagazine), Bogota, Colombia, Nov. 1, 2000. From the January 2001 issue of World Press Review (VOL.48, No.1).

“Indonesia is listing like a rudderless ark. The country is in danger of keeling over on the shoals of religious conflict, economic incompetence, and political intrigue. The long-suffering people of the world’s fourth most populous nation must be wondering what they’ve done to deserve the weak, divided leadership that has delivered them to such a pass.”
—Fred Brenchley, The Bulletin (centrist newsmagazine), Sydney, Australia, Aug. 1, 2000. From the November 2000 issue of World Press Review (VOL.48, No.11).