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From the August 1999 issue of World Press Review (VOL. 46, No. 08)

TERRORISM

Red Brigades Redux

Andrew Giarelli, World Press Review contributing editor

Resurgent terrorism in Greece and Italy appears to be a byproduct of NATO's role in a new European military order. After government labor adviser Massimo D'Antona's murder in Rome by self-proclaimed Red Brigades, "Italian politicians, police, and the public fear they may be facing a return to a bloody past that they believed had been buried," writes Frances Kennedy in London's centrist Independent.

The group's 28-page manifesto, eerily reminiscent of writings by the far-left revolutionaries who terrorized Italy in the 1970s and early 1980s and then seemingly disappeared, includes as enemies "the imperialist bourgeoisie, the left, the trade unions, NATO, the European Union, and the United States." The manifesto's emphasis on the Balkan conflict makes some analysts "believe the assassination may not be home-grown .... Police are now reinterpreting recent violence, including attacks" on branches of McDonald's and Blockbuster Video and the burning of U.S. servicemen's cars, Kennedy reports.

The resurgence of the leftist terrorist group November 17 has made Greece, in NATO's judgment, "the most dangerous place in Europe for U.S. diplomats, businessmen, and tourists," reports Helena Smith in London's liberal Guardian. "A spate of brazen attacks on diplomatic compounds, foreign banks, and the Inter-Continental Hotel has prompted normally phlegmatic Greek officials to tighten security .... Officials [are] struggling to grapple with the resurgence of terrorism, apparently in retaliation for NATO's bombing of Yugoslavia," she writes. Formed 24 years ago, November 17 has claimed credit for some 22 murders.

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