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St. Lucia

Map St. Lucia
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of St. Lucia

Facts

Background: The island, with its fine natural harbor at Castries, was contested between England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times); it was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Even after the abolition of slavery on its plantations in 1834, Saint Lucia remained an agricultural island, dedicated to producing tropical commodity crops. Self-government was granted in 1967 and independence in 1979.
Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Area land: 606 sq km
Area water: 10 sq km
Coastline: 158 km
Country name conventional long form: none
Country name conventional short form: Saint Lucia
Country name former: none
Population: 161,557 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 22.8% (male 18,925/female 17,945); 15-64 years: 67.5% (male 52,859/female 56,173); 65 years and over: 9.7% (male 7,074/female 8,581) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.389% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 14.63 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 7 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -3.73 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.055 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female; total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 12.72 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 11.92 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 13.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.84 years; male: 74.15 years; female: 79.68 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.81 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Saint Lucian(s); adjective: Saint Lucian;
Ethnic groups: black 82.5%, mixed 11.9%, East Indian 2.4%, other or unspecified 3.1% (2001 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 67.5%, Seventh Day Adventist 8.5%, Pentecostal 5.7%, Rastafarian 2.1%, Anglican 2%, Evangelical 2%, other Christian 5.1%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.5% (2001 census);
Languages: English (official), French patois;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school; total population: 90.1%; male: 89.5%; female: 90.6% (2001 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.789 billion (2010 est.); $1.769 billion (2009 est.); $1.866 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $1 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 1.1% (2010 est.); -5.2% (2009 est.); 0.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $11,100 (2010 est.); $11,000 (2009 est.); $11,700 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 5%; industry: 15%; services: 80% (2005 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 79,700 (2007);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 21.7%; industry: 24.7%; services: 53.6% (2002 est.);
Unemployment rate: 20% (2003 est.);
Budget: revenues: $320.9 million; expenditures: $393.3 million (2010 est.);
Industries: clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, tourism; lime processing, coconut processing;
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 325 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 302.2 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Star, The

(Privately-owned, Bi-weekly), Castries
http://www.stluciastar.com/

St. Lucia in the News

The Caribbean: Banana Producers at Risk

Ripples from the furious battle for control of the United Kingdom’s fourth-largest food retailer, Safeway, have washed hard against the shores of the eastern Caribbean. Robert Taylor reviews the Carribbean press.

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