Search

Trinidad And Tobago

No map available.

Flag of Trinidad And Tobago

Facts

Background: First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.
Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
Area land: 5,128 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 362 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Country name conventional short form: Trinidad and Tobago
Country name former: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Population: 1,227,505 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 19.5% (male 122,044/female 116,859); 15-64 years: 72.1% (male 455,148/female 429,990); 65 years and over: 8.4% (male 44,439/female 59,025) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: -0.087% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 14.35 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 8.29 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -6.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.028 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female; total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 27.69 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 28.93 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 26.41 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.37 years; male: 68.51 years; female: 74.3 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.72 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.5% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 15,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s); adjective: Trinidadian, Tobagonian;
Ethnic groups: Indian (South Asian) 40%, African 37.5%, mixed 20.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.8% (2000 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 26%, Hindu 22.5%, Anglican 7.8%, Baptist 7.2%, Pentecostal 6.8%, Muslim 5.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 4%, other Christian 5.8%, other 10.8%, unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9% (2000 census);
Languages: English (official), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), French, Spanish, Chinese;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 98.6%; male: 99.1%; female: 98% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $27.1 billion (2010 est.); $26.54 billion (2009 est.); $27.42 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $21.2 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 2.1% (2010 est.); -3.2% (2009 est.); 3.5% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $22,100 (2010 est.); $21,600 (2009 est.); $22,300 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 0.5%; industry: 59.4%; services: 40.1% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 17% (2007 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 631,000 (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 3.8%; manufacturing, mining, and quarrying: 12.8%; construction and utilities: 20.4%; services: 62.9% (2007 est.);
Unemployment rate: 6.4% (2010 est.); 5.8% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $6.614 billion; expenditures: $7.24 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: petroleum and petroleum products, liquefied natural gas (LNG), methanol, ammonia, urea, steel products, beverages, food processing, cement, cotton textiles;
Industrial production growth rate: 2.5% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 7.202 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 7.034 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Newsday

(Privately-owned, independent daily), Port-of-Spain
http://www.newsday.co.tt

Trinidad Express

(Privately-owned, Independent), Port-of-Spain
http://www.trinidadexpress.com

Trinidad Guardian

(Privately-owned, Independent), Port-of-Spain
http://www.guardian.co.tt

Advertise with Worldpress.org