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Angola

Map Angola
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Angola

Facts

Background: Angola is rebuilding its country after the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again by 1996. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - in the quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and strengthened the MPLA's hold on power. President DOS SANTOS held legislative elections in September 2008 and, despite promising to hold presidential elections in 2009, has since pushed through a new constitution that calls for elections in 2012.
Location: Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo
Area land: 1,246,700 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 1,600 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Angola
Country name conventional short form: Angola
Country name former: People's Republic of Angola
Population: 13,338,541 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 43.2% (male 2,910,981/female 2,856,527); 15-64 years: 54.1% (male 3,663,400/female 3,549,896); 65 years and over: 2.7% (male 157,778/female 199,959) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 2.034% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 42.91 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 23.4 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female; total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 175.9 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 187.86 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 163.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 38.76 years; male: 37.74 years; female: 39.83 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 5.97 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 2% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 200,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 11,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Angolan(s); adjective: Angolan;
Ethnic groups: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%;
Religions: indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.);
Languages: Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 67.4%; male: 82.9%; female: 54.2% (2001 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $114.1 billion (2010 est.); $107.8 billion (2009 est.); $108.7 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $85.81 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 5.9% (2010 est.); -0.9% (2009 est.); 13.4% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $8,700 (2010 est.); $8,400 (2009 est.); $8,700 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9.6%; industry: 65.8%; services: 24.6% (2008 est.);
Population below poverty line: 40.5% (2006 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 0.6%; highest 10%: 44.7% (2000);
Labor force: 7.977 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 85%; industry and services: 15% (2003 est.);
Unemployment rate: NA;
Budget: revenues: $40.41 billion; expenditures: $37.38 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing, brewing, tobacco products, sugar; textiles; ship repair;
Industrial production growth rate: 5% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 3.722 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 3.173 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Angola in the News

Africa's Peace Offensive

Richard Dowden, of London's weekly Observer, writes that Africa-watchers should not be too heartened by the recent peace deals in the continent.

An Unmourned Death

One man who will not be missed is the former leader of Angola’s long-fighting rebel group, UNITA’s Jonas Savimbi, shot and killed by the Angolan army in late February. Could the former guerrilla’s death herald an era of peace and prosperity for Angola?

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