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Antigua And Barbuda

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Facts

Background: The Siboney were the first to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C., but Arawak Indians populated the islands when COLUMBUS landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early settlements by the Spanish and French were succeeded by the English who formed a colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981.
Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico
Area land: 442.6 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 153 km
Country name conventional long form: none
Country name conventional short form: Antigua and Barbuda
Country name former: none
Population: 87,884 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 25.8% (male 11,530/female 11,174); 15-64 years: 67.4% (male 27,599/female 31,592); 65 years and over: 6.8% (male 2,592/female 3,397) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.289% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 16.31 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 5.73 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 2.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female; total population: 0.9 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 14.63 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 16.85 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 12.29 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.48 years; male: 73.47 years; female: 77.59 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.05 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Antiguan(s), Barbudan(s); adjective: Antiguan, Barbudan;
Ethnic groups: black 91%, mixed 4.4%, white 1.7%, other 2.9% (2001 census);
Religions: Anglican 25.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 12.3%, Pentecostal 10.6%, Moravian 10.5%, Roman Catholic 10.4%, Methodist 7.9%, Baptist 4.9%, Church of God 4.5%, other Christian 5.4%, other 2%, none or unspecified 5.8% (2001 census);
Languages: English (official), local dialects;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling; total population: 85.8%; male: NA; female: NA (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.433 billion (2010 est.); $1.494 billion (2009 est.); $1.64 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $1.099 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: -4.1% (2010 est.); -8.9% (2009 est.); 1.8% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $16,500 (2010 est.); $17,400 (2009 est.); $19,400 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3.8%; industry: 22%; services: 74.3% (2002 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 30,000 (1991);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 7%; industry: 11%; services: 82% (1983);
Unemployment rate: 11% (2001 est.);
Budget: revenues: $229.5 million; expenditures: $293.4 million (2009 est.);
Industries: tourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances);
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 110 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 102.3 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Observer, The

St John's
http://www.antiguaobserver.com/

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