Bahamas

Map Bahamas
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Bahamas

Facts

Background: Lucayan Indians inhabited the islands when Christopher COLUMBUS first set foot in the New World on San Salvador in 1492. British settlement of the islands began in 1647; the islands became a colony in 1783. Since attaining independence from the UK in 1973, The Bahamas has prospered through tourism and international banking and investment management. Because of its geography, the country is a major transshipment point for illegal drugs, particularly shipments to the US and Europe, and its territory is used for smuggling illegal migrants into the US.
Location: Caribbean, chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Florida, northeast of Cuba
Area land: 10,010 sq km
Area water: 3,870 sq km
Coastline: 3,542 km
Country name conventional long form: Commonwealth of The Bahamas
Country name conventional short form: The Bahamas
Country name former: Commonwealth of The Bahamas
Population: 313,312
Age structure: 0-14 years: 24.4% (male 38,834/female 37,715); 15-64 years: 69.2% (male 106,882/female 110,081); 65 years and over: 6.3% (male 7,578/female 12,222) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.922% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 16.1 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 6.88 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female; total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 13.49 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 13.29 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 13.69 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.18 years; male: 68.8 years; female: 73.63 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.99 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 3.1% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 6,600 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 500 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Bahamian(s); adjective: Bahamian;
Ethnic groups: black 85%, white 12%, Asian and Hispanic 3%;
Religions: Baptist 35.4%, Anglican 15.1%, Roman Catholic 13.5%, Pentecostal 8.1%, Church of God 4.8%, Methodist 4.2%, other Christian 15.2%, none or unspecified 2.9%, other 0.8% (2000 census);
Languages: English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 95.6%; male: 94.7%; female: 96.5% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $8.878 billion (2010 est.); $8.923 billion (2009 est.); $9.285 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $7.538 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: -0.5% (2010 est.); -3.9% (2009 est.); -1.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $28,600 (2010 est.); $29,000 (2009 est.); $30,500 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1.2%; industry: 14.7%; services: 84.1% (2001 est.);
Population below poverty line: 9.3% (2004);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: 27% (2000);
Labor force: 184,000 (2009);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 5%; industry: 5%; tourism: 50%; other services: 40% (2005 est.);
Unemployment rate: 7.6% (2006 est.);
Budget: revenues: $1.03 billion; expenditures: $1.03 billion (FY04/05);
Industries: tourism, banking, cement, oil transshipment, salt, rum, aragonite, pharmaceuticals, spiral-welded steel pipe;
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 2.045 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 1.902 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Ababonian, The

(Independent), Marsh Harbour
http://www.abaconian.com/

Nassau Guardian, The

(Daily), Nassau
http://www.thenassauguardian.com/

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