Barbados

Map Barbados
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Barbados

Facts

Background: The island was uninhabited when first settled by the British in 1627. Slaves worked the sugar plantations established on the island until 1834 when slavery was abolished. The economy remained heavily dependent on sugar, rum, and molasses production through most of the 20th century. The gradual introduction of social and political reforms in the 1940s and 1950s led to complete independence from the UK in 1966. In the 1990s, tourism and manufacturing surpassed the sugar industry in economic importance.
Location: Caribbean, island in the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
Area land: 430 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 97 km
Country name conventional long form: none
Country name conventional short form: Barbados
Country name former: none
Population: 286,705 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.9% (male 27,127/female 27,127); 15-64 years: 71.3% (male 100,594/female 103,751); 65 years and over: 9.8% (male 10,982/female 17,124) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.366% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 12.35 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 8.39 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.013 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female; total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 11.86 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 13.48 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 10.22 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.34 years; male: 72.07 years; female: 76.64 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.68 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.4% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 2,100 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 100 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Barbadian(s) or Bajan (colloquial); adjective: Barbadian or Bajan (colloquial);
Ethnic groups: black 93%, white 3.2%, mixed 2.6%, East Indian 1%, other 0.2% (2000 census);
Religions: Protestant 63.4% (Anglican 28.3%, Pentecostal 18.7%, Methodist 5.1%, other 11.3%), Roman Catholic 4.2%, other Christian 7%, other 4.8%, none or unspecified 20.6% (2008 est.);
Languages: English;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school; total population: 99.7%; male: 99.7%; female: 99.7% (2002 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $6.196 billion (2010 est.); $6.24 billion (2009 est.); $6.603 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $3.963 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: -0.7% (2010 est.); -5.5% (2009 est.); -0.2% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $21,700 (2010 est.); $21,900 (2009 est.); $23,300 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 6%; industry: 16%; services: 78% (2000 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 175,000 (2007 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 10%; industry: 15%; services: 75% (1996 est.);
Unemployment rate: 10.7% (2003 est.);
Budget: revenues: $847 million (including grants); expenditures: $886 million (2000 est.);
Industries: tourism, sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export;
Industrial production growth rate: -3.2% (2000 est.);
Electricity - production: 1.003 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 939.9 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Barbados Daily Nation

(Privately-owned, Independent), Bridgetown
http://www.nationnews.com

Caribbean Media Corporation

(Regional News Agency), Bridgetown
http://www.cananews.com

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