Brazil

Map Brazil
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Brazil

Facts

Background: Following more than three centuries under Portuguese rule, Brazil gained its independence in 1822, maintaining a monarchical system of government until the abolition of slavery in 1888 and the subsequent proclamation of a republic by the military in 1889. Brazilian coffee exporters politically dominated the country until populist leader Getulio VARGAS rose to power in 1930. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil underwent more than half a century of populist and military government until 1985, when the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brazil continues to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of its interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader, one of the first in the area to begin an economic recovery. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems. In January 2010, Brazil assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.
Location: Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean
Area land: 8,459,417 sq km
Area water: 55,460 sq km
Coastline: 7,491 km
Country name conventional long form: Federative Republic of Brazil
Country name conventional short form: Brazil
Country name former: Federative Republic of Brazil
Population: 203,429,773
Age structure: 0-14 years: 26.2% (male 27,219,651/female 26,180,040); 15-64 years: 67% (male 67,524,642/female 68,809,357); 65 years and over: 6.7% (male 5,796,433/female 7,899,650) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.134% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 17.79 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 6.36 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female; total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 21.17 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 24.63 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 17.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.53 years; male: 68.97 years; female: 76.27 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.18 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Brazilian(s); adjective: Brazilian;
Ethnic groups: white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census);
Languages: Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language); note - less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 88.6%; male: 88.4%; female: 88.8% (2004 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.194 trillion (2010 est.); $2.041 trillion (2009 est.); $2.045 trillion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $2.024 trillion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 7.5% (2010 est.); -0.2% (2009 est.); 5.1% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $10,900 (2010 est.); $10,300 (2009 est.); $10,400 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 6.1%; industry: 26.4%; services: 67.5% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 26% (2008);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.1%; highest 10%: 43% (2007);
Labor force: 103.6 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 20%; industry: 14%; services: 66% (2003 est.);
Unemployment rate: 7% (2010 est.); 8.1% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $464.4 billion; expenditures: $552.6 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment;
Industrial production growth rate: 11.5% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 438.8 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 404.3 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 2.034 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - imports: 42.06 billion kWh; note - supplied by Paraguay (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

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Displaying 1 to 7 of 23 items.

Caras

(weekly celebrity magazine), São Paulo
http://www.caras.com.br

Caros Amigos

(left-wing monthly),
http://www.carosamigos.com.br

Carta Capital

(Left-wing magazine), São Paulo
http://www.cartacapital.com.br

Ciencia Hoje

(Science monthly), São Paulo
http://cienciahoje.uol.com.br/noticias/

Correio Braziliense

(Semi-official), Brasília
http://www.correioweb.com.br/

Correio da Cidadania

(Socialist),
http://www.correiocidadania.com.br/

Correio do Povo

(Centrist), Porto Alegre
http://www.correiodopovo.com.br/

Brazil in the News

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Displaying 17 to 20 of 47 items.

Brazil: Major Bribes-for-Votes Scandal Threatens to Topple Da Silva

It all began on May 14, when the weekly Veja published a report that brought to light the existence of a bribery scandal at the Brazilian Postal Service. ... The scheme was allegedly led by the president of the Brazilian Labor Party, Representative Roberto Jefferson of Rio de Janeiro. By Flávio Américo dos Reis.

The Mercosur Meeting

Chilean President Ricardo Lagos noted that countries in the region have yet to advance fully on integrating economic policies, while Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez used the occasion to urge members to pull back from United States-style free market policies.

Identity Crisis

President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva’s fleeting participation at the Fifth World Social Forum couldn’t have been more symbolic of his past two years in government and the impact his administration has had on grass-roots movements, young activists, intellectuals, the middle class, Brazil’s hierarchical infrastructure and the image people have of the country around the world.

Latin America Shifts to the Center-Left

Anti-Bush demonstrations in Santiago, Chile highlight a new political trend in Latin America - where many countries are moving to the center-left as the United States takes a sharp turn to the right

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