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Brunei

Map Brunei
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Brunei

Facts

Background: The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in Asia.
Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia
Area land: 5,265 sq km
Area water: 500 sq km
Coastline: 161 km
Country name conventional long form: Brunei Darussalam
Country name conventional short form: Brunei
Country name former: Brunei Darussalam
Population: 401,890 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 25.5% (male 52,944/female 49,729); 15-64 years: 70.9% (male 141,121/female 143,977); 65 years and over: 3.5% (male 6,881/female 7,238) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.712% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 17.87 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 3.35 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 2.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.047 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female; total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 11.51 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 13.74 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 9.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.17 years; male: 73.91 years; female: 78.53 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.86 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: less than 0.1% (2003 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: fewer than 200 (2003 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 200 (2003 est.);
Nationality: noun: Bruneian(s); adjective: Bruneian;
Ethnic groups: Malay 66.3%, Chinese 11.2%, indigenous 3.4%, other 19.1% (2004 est.);
Religions: Muslim (official) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 10%;
Languages: Malay (official), English, Chinese;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 92.7%; male: 95.2%; female: 90.2% (2001 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $19.88 billion (2010 est.); $19.68 billion (2009 est.); $20.04 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $11.96 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2010 est.); -1.8% (2009 est.); -1.9% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $50,300 (2010 est.); $50,700 (2009 est.); $52,500 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 0.7%; industry: 74.1%; services: 25.3% (2008 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 188,800 (2008);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 4.2%; industry: 62.8%; services: 33% (2008 est.);
Unemployment rate: 3.7% (2008); 3.4% (2007);
Budget: revenues: $6.889 billion; expenditures: $4 billion (2008 est.);
Industries: petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction;
Industrial production growth rate: -5.4% (2008 est.);
Electricity - production: 3.069 billion kWh (2008);
Electricity - consumption: 2.98 billion kWh (2008);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

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