Canada

Map Canada
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Canada

Facts

Background: A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across an unfortified border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, and education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec. Canada also aims to develop its diverse energy resources while maintaining its commitment to the environment.
Location: Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US
Area land: 9,093,507 sq km
Area water: 891,163 sq km
Coastline: 202,080 km
Country name conventional long form: none
Country name conventional short form: Canada
Country name former: none
Population: 34,030,589 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 15.7% (male 2,736,737/female 2,602,342); 15-64 years: 68.5% (male 11,776,611/female 11,517,972); 65 years and over: 15.9% (male 2,372,356/female 3,024,571) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.794% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 10.28 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 7.98 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 5.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.056 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female; total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 4.92 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 5.26 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 4.56 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.38 years; male: 78.81 years; female: 84.1 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.58 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.3% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 68,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Canadian(s); adjective: Canadian;
Ethnic groups: British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%;
Religions: Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (including United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census);
Languages: English (official) 58.8%, French (official) 21.6%, other 19.6% (2006 Census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 99%; male: 99%; female: 99% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.335 trillion (2010 est.); $1.297 trillion (2009 est.); $1.33 trillion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $1.564 trillion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2010 est.); -2.5% (2009 est.); 0.5% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $39,600 (2010 est.); $38,700 (2009 est.); $40,000 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2%; industry: 20%; services: 78% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 9.4%; note - this figure is the Low Income Cut-Off (LICO), a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line (2008);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 0.1%; highest 10%: 46% (2005);
Labor force: 18.59 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 2%; manufacturing: 13%; construction: 6%; services: 76%; other: 3% (2006 est.);
Unemployment rate: 8% (2010 est.); 8.3% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $605.7 billion; expenditures: $677.7 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gas;
Industrial production growth rate: 5.8% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 620.7 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 536.1 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 55.73 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 23.5 billion kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

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Displaying 1 to 7 of 17 items.

Calgary Herald

(conservative), Calgary
http://www.calgaryherald.com/

Globe and Mail, The

(N/A), Toronto
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/

Halifax-Herald

(Conservative), Halifax
http://www.herald.ns.ca/

La Presse

(Centrist), Montreal
http://www.lapresse.com/

L'actualité

(Monthly newsmagazine), Montreal
http://www.lactualite.com/

Le Devoir

(Independent), Montreal
http://www.ledevoir.com

Le Droit

Ottawa
http://www.ledroit.com/

Canada in the News

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Displaying 21 to 24 of 44 items.

The Canadian Family Farm

Family farming, a long and treasured icon of Canadiana, has provided a lifestyle and vocation for large percentage of the population and now it is at risk of becoming extinct, the victim of cheap foreign producers and the U.S. Farm Bill.

Moving Mountains for Gold in the Andes

An impressive 60 percent of all mining companies worldwide are Canadian-based, with their stock listings on the Toronto, Vancouver, and New York exchanges.

The Obscenity of Vancouver’s Olympic Games: Here Comes Frankenstein

Between 2002 and 2005, homelessness doubled in the Greater Vancouver Regional District and will continue to increase leading up to the Olympics unless major changes are made.

Canada at War: Dr. Jekyll Becomes Mr. Hyde

Once known as an "honest broker" that steadfastly denounced and at times even derided the use of force in the world … Canada is now a warrior nation in the best traditions of military campaigns.

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