Colombia

Map Colombia
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Colombia

Facts

Background: Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A four-decade long conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government and violence has been decreasing since about 2002, but insurgents continue attacks against civilians and large areas of the countryside are under guerrilla influence or are contested by security forces. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC) as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The Colombian Government has stepped up efforts to reassert government control throughout the country, and now has a presence in every one of its administrative departments. However, neighboring countries worry about the violence spilling over their borders. In January 2011, Colombia assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.
Location: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama
Area land: 1,038,700 sq km
Area water: 100,210 sq km
Coastline: 3,208 km (Caribbean Sea 1,760 km, North Pacific Ocean 1,448 km)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Colombia
Country name conventional short form: Colombia
Country name former: Republic of Colombia
Population: 44,725,543 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 26.7% (male 6,109,495/female 5,834,273); 15-64 years: 67.2% (male 14,826,008/female 15,208,799); 65 years and over: 6.1% (male 1,159,691/female 1,587,277) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.156% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 17.49 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 5.26 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female; total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 16.39 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 19.92 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 12.65 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.55 years; male: 71.27 years; female: 78.03 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.15 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.5% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 160,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 14,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Colombian(s); adjective: Colombian;
Ethnic groups: mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%;
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%;
Languages: Spanish (official);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 90.4%; male: 90.1%; female: 90.7% (2005 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $431.9 billion (2010 est.); $413.7 billion (2009 est.); $410.4 billion (2008);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $283.1 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 4.4% (2010 est.); 0.8% (2009 est.); 2.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $9,800 (2010 est.); $9,500 (2009 est.); $9,500 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9.3%; industry: 38%; services: 52.7% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 45.5% (2009);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 0.8%; highest 10%: 45% (2008);
Labor force: 21.27 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 18%; industry: 13%; services: 68% (2010 est.);
Unemployment rate: 11.8% (2010 est.); 12% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $74.2 billion; expenditures: $83.9 billion (2011 est.);
Industries: textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds;
Industrial production growth rate: 5.5% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 50.58 billion kWh (2007);
Electricity - consumption: 38.59 billion kWh (2007);
Electricity - exports: 876.7 million kWh (2007);
Electricity - imports: 39.4 million kWh (2007);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

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Displaying 15 to 16 of 16 items.

Semana

(Centrist newsmagazine), Bogotá
http://www.semana.com

Vanguardia Liberal

(Liberal), Bucaramanga
http://www.vanguardia.com/

Colombia in the News

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Displaying 33 to 36 of 36 items.

Backing the Drug War

President Bill Clinton’s August 30 visit to Cartagena to launch a new era of U.S.-Colombian cooperation to eradicate drug trafficking and production has fueled a wave of optimism in the war-weary South American nation.

The Price of Peace

Four rounds of arduous and inconclusive peace negotiations between the government of President Andrés Pastrana and leaders of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) have left mounting frustration on both sides of the negotiating table.

Bogota Under Siege?

The launch of a major guerrilla offensive in July that penetrated within 40 miles of Bogota, the Colombian capital, has dealt a potentially fatal blow to President Andres Pastrana's quest to broker a peace deal ending more than three decades of civil war, warns the conservative El Pais of Cali.

What Peace?

President Andres Pastrana's much-heralded peace negotiations with Colombia's biggest guerrilla groups have fallen flat, reports London's conservative newsmagazine The Economist.

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