Colombia

Map Colombia
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Colombia

Facts

Background: Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). A four-decade long conflict between government forces and anti-government insurgent groups, principally the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) heavily funded by the drug trade, escalated during the 1990s. The insurgents lack the military or popular support necessary to overthrow the government and violence has been decreasing since about 2002, but insurgents continue attacks against civilians and large areas of the countryside are under guerrilla influence or are contested by security forces. More than 31,000 former paramilitaries had demobilized by the end of 2006 and the United Self Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC) as a formal organization had ceased to function. In the wake of the paramilitary demobilization, emerging criminal groups arose, whose members include some former paramilitaries. The Colombian Government has stepped up efforts to reassert government control throughout the country, and now has a presence in every one of its administrative departments. However, neighboring countries worry about the violence spilling over their borders. In January 2011, Colombia assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.
Location: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama
Area land: 1,038,700 sq km
Area water: 100,210 sq km
Coastline: 3,208 km (Caribbean Sea 1,760 km, North Pacific Ocean 1,448 km)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Colombia
Country name conventional short form: Colombia
Country name former: Republic of Colombia
Population: 44,725,543 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 26.7% (male 6,109,495/female 5,834,273); 15-64 years: 67.2% (male 14,826,008/female 15,208,799); 65 years and over: 6.1% (male 1,159,691/female 1,587,277) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.156% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 17.49 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 5.26 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female; total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 16.39 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 19.92 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 12.65 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.55 years; male: 71.27 years; female: 78.03 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.15 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.5% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 160,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 14,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Colombian(s); adjective: Colombian;
Ethnic groups: mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%;
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%;
Languages: Spanish (official);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 90.4%; male: 90.1%; female: 90.7% (2005 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $431.9 billion (2010 est.); $413.7 billion (2009 est.); $410.4 billion (2008);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $283.1 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 4.4% (2010 est.); 0.8% (2009 est.); 2.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $9,800 (2010 est.); $9,500 (2009 est.); $9,500 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9.3%; industry: 38%; services: 52.7% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 45.5% (2009);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 0.8%; highest 10%: 45% (2008);
Labor force: 21.27 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 18%; industry: 13%; services: 68% (2010 est.);
Unemployment rate: 11.8% (2010 est.); 12% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $74.2 billion; expenditures: $83.9 billion (2011 est.);
Industries: textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds;
Industrial production growth rate: 5.5% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 50.58 billion kWh (2007);
Electricity - consumption: 38.59 billion kWh (2007);
Electricity - exports: 876.7 million kWh (2007);
Electricity - imports: 39.4 million kWh (2007);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

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Displaying 8 to 14 of 16 items.

El Tiempo

(Centrist), Bogotá
http://www.eltiempo.com

El Universal

(Liberal), Cartagena
http://www.eluniversal.com.co/

Excelsio

(Independent), Sogamoso
http://www.excelsio.net/

La Nota

(Economics), Bogotá
http://www.lanota.com.co

La Patria

(Conservative), Manizales
http://www.lapatria.com

Lecturas Dominicales

(Weekly supplement to El Tiempo), Bogotá
http://www.eltiempo.com

Revista Diners

(Weekly political-cultural magazine), Bogot
http://www.revistadiners.com.co

Colombia in the News

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Displaying 21 to 24 of 36 items.

Super Lula

President Luiz Inácio Lula Da Silva has proven to be a capable executive and is becoming a model for the Latin American democratic left, Sylvie Duchamp writes in an article for Colombia's Revista Cambio.

Colombia-Venezuela: Border Tensions Rise

An escalating conflict between Venezuela and Colombia could have serious diplomatic and economic fallout. World Press Review contributing editor Robert Taylor surveys the regional press.

Caught in the Crossfire

Colombia's civil conflict has spread into neighboring countries. We review the Ecuadorian press coverage of this disturbing turn of events.

An Interview with Colombian Paramilitary Leader Carlos Castaño

El Tiempo interviews the leader of Colombia's notorious AUC paramilitary group.

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