Background: The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998. In April 2009, Croatia joined NATO; it is a candidate for eventual EU accession.
Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia
Area land: 55,974 sq km
Area water: 620 sq km
Coastline: 5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Croatia
Country name conventional short form: Croatia
Country name former: People's Republic of Croatia, Socialist Republic of Croatia
Population: 4,483,804 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 15.1% (male 346,553/female 328,677); 15-64 years: 68.1% (male 1,516,884/female 1,536,065); 65 years and over: 16.9% (male 296,268/female 459,357) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: -0.076% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 9.6 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 11.91 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 1.55 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.055 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female; total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 6.16 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 6.24 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 6.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.79 years; male: 72.17 years; female: 79.6 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.43 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: less than 0.1% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 100 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Croat(s), Croatian(s); adjective: Croatian;
Ethnic groups: Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) (2001 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2% (2001 census);
Languages: Croatian (official) 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) (2001 census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 98.1%; male: 99.3%; female: 97.1% (2001 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $78.52 billion (2010 est.); $79.64 billion (2009 est.); $84.54 billion (2008 est.);
GDP (official exchange rate): $59.92 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: -1.4% (2010 est.); -5.8% (2009 est.); 2.4% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $17,500 (2010 est.); $17,700 (2009 est.); $18,800 (2008 est.);
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 6.8%; industry: 27.2%; services: 66% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 17% (2008);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.6%; highest 10%: 23.1% (2005 est.);
Labor force: 1.762 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 5%; industry: 31.3%; services: 63.6% (2008);
Unemployment rate: 17.6% (2010 est.); 16.1% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $22 billion; expenditures: $24.29 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: chemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism;
Industrial production growth rate: -0.9% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 11.49 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 18 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - exports: 5.668 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 12.24 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Statistics: CIA World Factbook.
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(Independent daily), Zagreb
(Independent, Regional daily), Pula
(Independent daily), Zagreb
(Business weekly), Zagreb
(Independent weekly), Zagreb
(Independent daily), Rijeka
(Business daily), Zagreb
Displaying 1 to 4 of 9 items.
Countries of the Western Balkans have expected to be next on the list of E.U. enlargement for quite some time, but the global economic crisis has made those expectations a distant prospect.
The European Commission (EC) annual reports on would-be members brought a mixture of hope and bitterness in the Balkans.
Croatia and Serbia-Montenegro have moved toward reconciliation as the countries’ respective presidents, Stipe Mesic and Svetozar Marovic, expressed remorse during a meeting in Belgrade. Katarina Subasic reports from Belgrade.
Angered by French President Jacques Chirac, Eastern European countries are cementing their ties with the United States, Franko Egro writes in Shekulli