Background: Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. It joined NATO in 1949 and the EEC (now the EU) in 1973. However, the country has opted out of certain elements of the European Union's Maastricht Treaty, including the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), European defense cooperation, and issues concerning certain justice and home affairs.
Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes several major islands (Sjaelland, Fyn, and Bornholm)
Area land: 42,434 sq km
Area water: 660 sq km
Coastline: 7,314 km
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Denmark
Country name conventional short form: Denmark
Country name former: Kingdom of Denmark
Population: 5,529,888 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 17.6% (male 500,265/female 474,829); 15-64 years: 65.3% (male 1,811,198/female 1,798,507); 65 years and over: 17.1% (male 417,957/female 527,132) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.251% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 10.29 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 10.19 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 2.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.055 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female; total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 4.24 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 4.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.63 years; male: 76.25 years; female: 81.14 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.74 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.2% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 5,300 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 100 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Dane(s); adjective: Danish;
Ethnic groups: Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali;
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 95%, other Christian (includes Protestant and Roman Catholic) 3%, Muslim 2%;
Languages: Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 99%; male: 99%; female: 99% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $201.4 billion (2010 est.); $199.4 billion (2009 est.); $210.4 billion (2008 est.);
GDP (official exchange rate): $311.9 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2010 est.); -5.2% (2009 est.); -0.9% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $36,700 (2010 est.); $36,400 (2009 est.); $38,400 (2008 est.);
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1.1%; industry: 22.8%; services: 76.1% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 12.1% (2007);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.9%; highest 10%: 28.7% (2007);
Labor force: 2.82 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 2.5%; industry: 20.2%; services: 77.3% (2005 est.);
Unemployment rate: 4.2% (2010 est.); 4.3% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $160.3 billion; expenditures: $175.9 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: iron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding and refurbishment, windmills, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment;
Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 36.4 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 34.3 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - exports: 11.36 billion kWh (2008);
Electricity - imports: 12.82 billion kWh (2008);
Statistics: CIA World Factbook.
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(English-language weekly), Copenhagen
(Independent tabloid), Copenhagen
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