Gabon

Map Gabon
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Gabon

Facts

Background: Until recently, only two autocratic presidents had ruled Gabon since its independence from France in 1960. The recent president of Gabon, El Hadj Omar BONGO Ondimba - one of the longest-serving heads of state in the world - had dominated the country's political scene for four decades. President BONGO introduced a nominal multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s. However, allegations of electoral fraud during local elections in 2002-03 and the presidential elections in 2005 exposed the weaknesses of formal political structures in Gabon. President BONGO died in June 2009. New elections in August 2009 brought Ali Ben BONGO, son of the former president, to power. Despite political conditions, a small population, abundant natural resources, and considerable foreign support have helped make Gabon one of the more prosperous and stable African countries. In January 2010, Gabon assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.
Location: Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea
Area land: 257,667 sq km
Area water: 10,000 sq km
Coastline: 885 km
Country name conventional long form: Gabonese Republic
Country name conventional short form: Gabon
Country name former: Gabonese Republic
Population: 1,576,665
Age structure: 0-14 years: 42.2% (male 333,746/female 330,959); 15-64 years: 54% (male 424,392/female 426,478); 65 years and over: 3.9% (male 25,687/female 35,403) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.999% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 35.19 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 13 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female; total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 49.95 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 57.87 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 41.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 52.49 years; male: 51.78 years; female: 53.22 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 4.59 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 5.2% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 46,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 2,400 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Gabonese (singular and plural); adjective: Gabonese;
Ethnic groups: Bantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba); other Africans and Europeans, 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality;
Religions: Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1%;
Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 63.2%; male: 73.7%; female: 53.3% (1995 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $22.54 billion (2010 est.); $21.39 billion (2009 est.); $21.69 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $12.56 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 5.4% (2010 est.); -1.4% (2009 est.); 2.3% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $14,600 (2010 est.); $14,100 (2009 est.); $14,600 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 4.5%; industry: 62.7%; services: 32.8% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.5%; highest 10%: 32.7% (2005);
Labor force: 712,000 (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 60%; industry: 15%; services: 25% (2000 est.);
Unemployment rate: 21% (2006 est.); NA%;
Budget: revenues: $3.557 billion; expenditures: $2.945 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement;
Industrial production growth rate: 4.8% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 1.774 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 1.446 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Advertise with Worldpress.org