Search

Guyana

Map Guyana
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Guyana

Facts

Background: Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Janet JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected in 2001 and again in 2006.
Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
Area land: 196,849 sq km
Area water: 18,120 sq km
Coastline: 459 km
Country name conventional long form: Cooperative Republic of Guyana
Country name conventional short form: Guyana
Country name former: British Guiana
Population: 744,768
Age structure: 0-14 years: 31.9% (male 120,981/female 116,654); 15-64 years: 63.3% (male 235,566/female 235,717); 65 years and over: 4.8% (male 14,801/female 21,049) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: -0.44% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 17.12 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 7.2 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -14.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female; total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 36.76 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 41.09 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 32.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 67.08 years; male: 63.27 years; female: 71.07 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.34 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.2% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 5,900 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 500 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Guyanese (singular and plural); adjective: Guyanese;
Ethnic groups: East Indian 43.5%, black (African) 30.2%, mixed 16.7%, Amerindian 9.1%, other 0.5% (2002 census);
Religions: Hindu 28.4%, Pentecostal 16.9%, Roman Catholic 8.1%, Anglican 6.9%, Seventh Day Adventist 5%, Methodist 1.7%, Jehovah Witness 1.1%, other Christian 17.7%, Muslim 7.2%, other 4.3%, none 4.3% (2002 census);
Languages: English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school; total population: 91.8%; male: 92%; female: 91.6% (2002 Census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $5.069 billion (2010 est.); $4.946 billion (2009 est.); $4.834 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $2.197 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 2.5% (2010 est.); 2.3% (2009 est.); 3% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $6,800 (2010 est.); $6,600 (2009 est.); $6,400 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 24.3%; industry: 24.7%; services: 51% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.3%; highest 10%: 33.8% (1999);
Labor force: 333,900 (2007 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: NA%; industry: NA%; services: NA%;
Unemployment rate: 11% (2007);
Budget: revenues: $619.5 million; expenditures: $655.7 million (2010 est.);
Industries: bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining;
Industrial production growth rate: 2.5% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 821 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 667 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Guyana Chronicle

(Government-owned), Georgetown
http://www.guyanachronicle.com

Kaieteur News

(Privately-owned, daily), Georgetown
http://www.kaieteurnewsonline.com/

Stabroek News

(Independent), Georgetown
http://www.stabroeknews.com

Guyana in the News

Guyana: Targeting Terrorism

Since Sept. 11, 2001, the focus on terrorism has rippled from the United States across the world not only in large and influential nations but also in small and geopolitically nonstrategic countries. Now Guyana, a poor South American country of 700,000, has introduced the concept of terrorism into its laws.

Advertise with Worldpress.org