Hungary

Map Hungary
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Hungary

Facts

Background: Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU five years later. In 2011, Hungary assumed the six-month rotating presidency of the EU for the first time.
Location: Central Europe, northwest of Romania
Area land: 89,608 sq km
Area water: 3,420 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Hungary
Country name conventional short form: Hungary
Country name former: Republic of Hungary
Population: 9,976,062 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 14.9% (male 767,824/female 721,242); 15-64 years: 68.2% (male 3,361,538/female 3,444,450); 65 years and over: 16.9% (male 622,426/female 1,058,582) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: -0.17% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 9.6 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 12.68 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 1.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.057 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.57 male(s)/female; total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 5.31 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 5.57 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 5.04 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.79 years; male: 71.04 years; female: 78.76 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.4 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: less than 0.1% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 3,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 200 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Hungarian(s); adjective: Hungarian;
Ethnic groups: Hungarian 92.3%, Roma 1.9%, other or unknown 5.8% (2001 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 51.9%, Calvinist 15.9%, Lutheran 3%, Greek Catholic 2.6%, other Christian 1%, other or unspecified 11.1%, unaffiliated 14.5% (2001 census);
Languages: Hungarian 93.6%, other or unspecified 6.4% (2001 census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 99.4%; male: 99.5%; female: 99.3% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $190 billion (2010 est.); $188.5 billion (2009 est.); $201.2 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $132.3 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 0.8% (2010 est.); -6.3% (2009 est.); 0.6% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $19,000 (2010 est.); $18,800 (2009 est.); $20,100 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3.3%; industry: 30.8%; services: 65.9% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 13.9% (2010);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.1%; highest 10%: 22.6% (2009);
Labor force: 4.3 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 4.7%; industry: 30.9%; services: 64.4% (2010);
Unemployment rate: 10.7% (2010 est.); 11.4% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $63.1 billion; expenditures: $67.31 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: mining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals), motor vehicles;
Industrial production growth rate: 11% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 37.55 billion kWh (2010 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 42.7 billion kWh (2010 est.);
Electricity - exports: 4.703 billion kWh (2010 est.);
Electricity - imports: 9.879 billion kWh (2010 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

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Displaying 1 to 7 of 12 items.

168 Ora

(Independent political weekly), Budapest
http://www.168ora.hu/

Beszelo

(Liberal weekly), Budapest
http://beszelo.c3.hu/

Budapest Business Journal

(Business-oriented), Budapest
http://www.bbj.hu/

Budapester Zeitung

(Weekly (German)), Budapest
http://www.budapester.hu/

Dunaújváros

(Weekly (Hungarian)), Fejer
http://www.dunaujvaros.com/

Elet es Irodalom

(Independent weekly), Budapest
http://www.es.hu

HVG

(independent weekly), Budapest
http://hvg.hu

Hungary in the News

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Displaying 9 to 12 of 12 items.

Imre Kertész: Luck and Catastrophe

Die Zeit's Iris Radisch records an intimate and wide-ranging coversation with Imre Kertész, the first Hungarian to win the Nobel Prize in literature.

Hungary's Prime Minister Exposed as Former Communist Spy

News that Hungary's newly and narrowly elected prime minister, Peter Medgyessy, is a former Communist spy is threatening to bring down the Hungarian government and is unearthing a host of difficult questions about Hungary's Communist past.

The Center Holds

David Koch reviews the Hungarian press on the April 22 parliamentary run-off elections

Status Symbols

David Koch reviews Hungarian press coverage of a controversial set of laws that cut to the quick of what it means to be Hungarian.

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