Background: Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's NARC coalition splintered in 2005 over a constitutional review process. Government defectors joined with KANU to form a new opposition coalition, the Orange Democratic Movement, which defeated the government's draft constitution in a popular referendum in November 2005. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from ODM candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. UN-sponsored talks in late February produced a powersharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister. Kenya in August 2010 adopted a new constitution that eliminates the role of prime minister after the next presidential election.
Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania
Area land: 569,140 sq km
Area water: 11,227 sq km
Coastline: 536 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Kenya
Country name conventional short form: Kenya
Country name former: British East Africa
Age structure: 0-14 years: 42.2% (male 8,730,845/female 8,603,270); 15-64 years: 55.1% (male 11,373,997/female 11,260,402); 65 years and over: 2.7% (male 497,389/female 605,031) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 2.462% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 33.54 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 8.93 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female; total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 52.29 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 55.03 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 49.49 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 59.48 years; male: 58.91 years; female: 60.07 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 4.19 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 6.3% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.5 million (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 80,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Kenyan(s); adjective: Kenyan;
Ethnic groups: Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%;
Religions: Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 10%, indigenous beliefs 10%, other 2%;
Languages: English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 85.1%; male: 90.6%; female: 79.7% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $65.95 billion (2010 est.); $63.42 billion (2009 est.); $61.78 billion (2008 est.);
GDP (official exchange rate): $32.42 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 4% (2010 est.); 2.6% (2009 est.); 1.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,600 (2010 est.); $1,600 (2009 est.); $1,600 (2008 est.);
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 22%; industry: 16%; services: 62% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 50% (2000 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.8%; highest 10%: 37.8% (2005);
Labor force: 17.94 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 75%; industry and services: 25% (2007 est.);
Unemployment rate: 40% (2008 est.); 40% (2001 est.);
Budget: revenues: $7.017 billion; expenditures: $9.045 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, clothing, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products, horticulture, oil refining; aluminum, steel, lead; cement, commercial ship repair, tourism;
Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 5.223 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 4.863 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - exports: 58.3 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - imports: 22.5 million kWh (2007 est.);
Statistics: CIA World Factbook.
(Business newsmagazine), Nairobi
Displaying 1 to 4 of 40 items.
If revised and renewed, the AGOA would encourage growth and development in sub-Saharan Africa while also benefitting U.S. economic interests.
The British government has banned the stimulant khat, which will have consequences for Kenyan farmers who had been fetching inflated prices for the crop.
While the exact motives of all the players involved are hard to discern, many people are being endangered as Kenya chases al-Shabaab in Somalia.
International lending, within its current framework, leaves developing nations in a hole that only gets bigger as they try to pay off their debt.