Kiribati

Map Kiribati
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Kiribati

Facts

Background: The Gilbert Islands became a British protectorate in 1892 and a colony in 1915; they were captured by the Japanese in the Pacific War in 1941. The islands of Makin and Tarawa were the sites of major US amphibious victories over entrenched Japanese garrisons in 1943. The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati. The US relinquished all claims to the sparsely inhabited Phoenix and Line Island groups in a 1979 treaty of friendship with Kiribati.
Location: Oceania, group of 33 coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, straddling the Equator, as well as the International Date Line; the capital Tarawa is about half way between Hawaii and Australia
Area land: 811 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 1,143 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Kiribati
Country name conventional short form: Kiribati
Country name former: Gilbert Islands
Population: 100,743 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 33.9% (male 17,385/female 16,750); 15-64 years: 62.4% (male 30,598/female 32,259); 65 years and over: 3.7% (male 1,461/female 2,290) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.249% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 22.73 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 7.4 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -2.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female; total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 38.89 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 40.13 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 37.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 64.39 years; male: 62.03 years; female: 66.88 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.78 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: I-Kiribati (singular and plural); adjective: I-Kiribati;
Ethnic groups: Micronesian 98.8%, other 1.2% (2000 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 55%, Protestant 36%, Mormon 3.1%, Bahai 2.2%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.9%, other 1.8% (2005 census);
Languages: I-Kiribati, English (official);
Literacy: NA;
GDP (purchasing power parity): $619.5 million (2010 est.); $610.4 million (2009 est.); $614.7 million (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $152 million (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 1.5% (2010 est.); -0.7% (2009 est.); -1.1% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $6,200 (2010 est.); $6,200 (2009 est.); $6,300 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 8.9%; industry: 24.2%; services: 66.8% (2004);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 7,870 economically active, not including subsistence farmers (2001 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 2.7%; industry: 32%; services: 65.3% (2000);
Unemployment rate: 2% (1992 est.);
Budget: revenues: $55.52 million; expenditures: $59.71 million (FY05);
Industries: fishing, handicrafts;
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 14 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 13.02 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

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