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Latvia

Map Latvia
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Latvia

Facts

Background: The name "Latvia" originates from the ancient Latgalians, one of four eastern Baltic tribes that formed the ethnic core of the Latvian people (ca. 8th-12th centuries A.D.). The region subsequently came under the control of Germans, Poles, Swedes, and finally, Russians. A Latvian republic emerged following World War I, but it was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. Latvia reestablished its independence in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union. Although the last Russian troops left in 1994, the status of the Russian minority (some 30% of the population) remains of concern to Moscow. Latvia joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.
Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania
Area land: 62,249 sq km
Area water: 2,340 sq km
Coastline: 498 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Latvia
Country name conventional short form: Latvia
Country name former: Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic
Population: 2,204,708 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 13.5% (male 152,706/female 145,756); 15-64 years: 69.5% (male 747,044/female 785,521); 65 years and over: 16.9% (male 121,570/female 252,111) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: -0.597% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 9.96 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 13.6 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -2.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.054 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.48 male(s)/female; total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 8.42 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 10.2 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 6.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.68 years; male: 67.56 years; female: 78.07 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.32 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.7% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 8,600 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Latvian(s); adjective: Latvian;
Ethnic groups: Latvian 59.3%, Russian 27.8%, Belarusian 3.6%, Ukrainian 2.5%, Polish 2.4%, Lithuanian 1.3%, other 3.1% (2009);
Religions: Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% (2006);
Languages: Latvian (official) 58.2%, Russian 37.5%, Lithuanian and other 4.3% (2000 census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 99.7%; male: 99.8%; female: 99.7% (2000 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $32.2 billion (2010 est.); $32.79 billion (2009 est.); $39.99 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $23.39 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: -1.8% (2010 est.); -18% (2009 est.); -4.2% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $14,300 (2010 est.); $14,300 (2009 est.); $17,200 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 4.2%; industry: 20.6%; services: 75.2% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.7%; highest 10%: 27.4% (2004);
Labor force: 1.178 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 12.1%; industry: 25.8%; services: 61.8% (2005 est.);
Unemployment rate: 14.3% (2010 est.); 16% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $8.028 billion; expenditures: $9.863 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: processed foods, processed wood products, textiles, processed metals, pharmaceuticals, railroad cars, synthetic fibers, electronics;
Industrial production growth rate: -1.8% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 4.62 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 6.822 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 2.123 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 4.643 billion kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Baltic Times, The

(Independent English-language weekly), Riga
http://www.baltictimes.com/

Diena

(National daily), Riga
http://www.diena.lv/

Dienas Bizness

(Business daily), Riga
http://www.db.lv/

Latvijas Avîze

(National Daily), Riga
http://www.latvijasavize.lv/

Neatkarîgâ Rîta Avîze

(National Daily), Riga
http://www.nra.lv/

Ñóááîòà

(Russian-language weekly), Riga
http://www.subbota.com/

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