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Liechtenstein

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Facts

Background: The Principality of Liechtenstein was established within the Holy Roman Empire in 1719. Occupied by both French and Russian troops during the Napoleonic wars, it became a sovereign state in 1806 and joined the Germanic Confederation in 1815. Liechtenstein became fully independent in 1866 when the Confederation dissolved. Until the end of World War I, it was closely tied to Austria, but the economic devastation caused by that conflict forced Liechtenstein to enter into a customs and monetary union with Switzerland. Since World War II (in which Liechtenstein remained neutral), the country's low taxes have spurred outstanding economic growth. In 2000, shortcomings in banking regulatory oversight resulted in concerns about the use of financial institutions for money laundering. However, Liechtenstein implemented anti-money-laundering legislation and a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty with the US that went into effect in 2003.
Location: Central Europe, between Austria and Switzerland
Area land: 160 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (doubly landlocked)
Country name conventional long form: Principality of Liechtenstein
Country name conventional short form: Liechtenstein
Country name former: Principality of Liechtenstein
Population: 35,236 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 16.1% (male 2,809/female 2,856); 15-64 years: 69% (male 11,970/female 12,326); 65 years and over: 15% (male 2,304/female 2,971) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.653% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 9.65 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 7.61 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 4.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 0.98 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female; total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 4.15 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 5.37 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 2.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 80.31 years; male: 76.86 years; female: 83.77 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.53 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Liechtensteiner(s); adjective: Liechtenstein;
Ethnic groups: Liechtensteiner 65.6%, other 34.4% (2000 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 7%, unknown 10.6%, other 6.2% (June 2002);
Languages: German (official), Alemannic dialect;
Literacy: definition: age 10 and over can read and write; total population: 100%; male: 100%; female: 100%;
GDP (purchasing power parity): $5.028 billion (2008); $4.16 billion (2007); $4.035 billion (2006 est.);
GDP (official exchange rate): $5.08 billion (2008);
GDP - real growth rate: 1.8% (2008 est.); 3.1% (2007 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $141,100 (2008 est.); $122,100 (2007 est.);
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 6%; industry: 36%; services: 58% (2008);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 32,880 of whom 16,700 commute from Austria, Switzerland, and Germany to work each day; in 2009, 51% of people at work in Liechtenstein were cross-border commuters from abroad (2009);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 1.7%; industry: 43.5%; services: 55.4% (December 2006);
Unemployment rate: 1.5% (31 December 2007); 1.3% (September 2002);
Budget: revenues: $943 million; expenditures: $820 million (2008 est.);
Industries: electronics, metal manufacturing, dental products, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments, tourism, optical instruments;
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 
Electricity - consumption: 
Electricity - exports: 
Electricity - imports: 

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

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Liechtenstein Vaterland

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