Luxembourg

Map Luxembourg
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Luxembourg

Facts

Background: Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839 but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Full independence was attained in 1867. Overrun by Germany in both world wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union), and in 1999 it joined the euro currency area.
Location: Western Europe, between France and Germany
Area land: 2,586 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Country name conventional long form: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Country name conventional short form: Luxembourg
Country name former: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Population: 503,302 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.2% (male 47,274/female 44,366); 15-64 years: 66.9% (male 169,343/female 167,211); 65 years and over: 14.9% (male 31,086/female 44,022) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.145% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 11.69 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 8.48 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 8.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.066 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female; total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 4.44 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 4.46 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 4.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 79.61 years; male: 76.36 years; female: 83.08 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.77 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.3% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 100 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Luxembourger(s); adjective: Luxembourg;
Ethnic groups: Luxembourger 63.1%, Portuguese 13.3%, French 4.5%, Italian 4.3%, German 2.3%, other EU 7.3%, other 5.2% (2000 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 87%, other (includes Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 13% (2000);
Languages: Luxembourgish (national language), German (administrative language), French (administrative language);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 100%; male: 100%; female: 100% (2000 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $40.81 billion (2010 est.); $39.55 billion (2009 est.); $41.07 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $52.43 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 3.2% (2010 est.); -3.7% (2009 est.); 1.4% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $81,800 (2010 est.); $80,700 (2009 est.); $84,500 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 0.4%; industry: 13.6%; services: 86% (2007 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.5%; highest 10%: 23.8% (2000);
Labor force: 206,000 of whom 125,400 are foreign cross-border workers commuting primarily from France, Belgium, and Germany (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 2.2%; industry: 17.2%; services: 80.6% (2007 est.);
Unemployment rate: 5.5% (2010 est.); 5.7% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $20.88 billion; expenditures: $22.11 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: banking and financial services, iron and steel, information technology, telecommunications, cargo transportation, food processing, chemicals, metal products, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum, tourism;
Industrial production growth rate: 1.7% (2009 est.);
Electricity - production: 2.696 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 6.525 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 2.483 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 6.83 billion kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Tageblatt

Luxembourg
http://www.tageblatt.lu/

Wort Online

(Online publication),
http://www.wort.lu/

Advertise with Worldpress.org