Background: During the late 18th and 19th centuries, Great Britain established colonies and protectorates in the area of current Malaysia; these were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. In 1948, the British-ruled territories on the Malay Peninsula formed the Federation of Malaya, which became independent in 1957. Malaysia was formed in 1963 when the former British colonies of Singapore and the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak on the northern coast of Borneo joined the Federation. The first several years of the country's history were marred by a Communist insurgency, Indonesian confrontation with Malaysia, Philippine claims to Sabah, and Singapore's secession from the Federation in 1965. During the 22-year term of Prime Minister MAHATHIR bin Mohamad (1981-2003), Malaysia was successful in diversifying its economy from dependence on exports of raw materials to expansion in manufacturing, services, and tourism. Current Prime Minister Mohamed NAJIB bin Abdul Razak (in office since April 2009) has continued these pro-business policies.
Location: Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam
Area land: 328,657 sq km
Area water: 1,190 sq km
Coastline: 4,675 km (Peninsular Malaysia 2,068 km, East Malaysia 2,607 km)
Country name conventional long form: none
Country name conventional short form: Malaysia
Country name former: Federation of Malaya
Population: 28,728,607 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 29.6% (male 4,374,495/female 4,132,009); 15-64 years: 65.4% (male 9,539,972/female 9,253,574); 65 years and over: 5% (male 672,581/female 755,976) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.576% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 21.08 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 4.93 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.069 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female; total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 15.02 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 17.37 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 12.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.79 years; male: 71.05 years; female: 76.73 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.67 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.5% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 100,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 5,800 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Malaysian(s); adjective: Malaysian;
Ethnic groups: Malay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% (2004 est.);
Religions: Muslim 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8% (2000 census);
Languages: Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 88.7%; male: 92%; female: 85.4% (2000 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $416.7 billion (2010 est.); $388.8 billion (2009 est.); $395.5 billion (2008 est.);
GDP (official exchange rate): $219 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 7.2% (2010 est.); -1.7% (2009 est.); 4.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $14,700 (2010 est.); $14,000 (2009 est.); $14,500 (2008 est.);
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9.1%; industry: 41.6%; services: 49.3% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 3.6% (2007 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.6%; highest 10%: 28.5% (2005 est.);
Labor force: 12.2 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 13%; industry: 36%; services: 51% (2005 est.);
Unemployment rate: 3.5% (2010 est.); 3.7% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $46.78 billion; expenditures: $46.34 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: Peninsular Malaysia - rubber and oil palm processing and manufacturing, light manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, medical technology, electronics, tin mining and smelting, logging, timber processing; Sabah - logging, petroleum production; Sarawak - agriculture processing, petroleum production and refining, logging;
Industrial production growth rate: 7.5% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 107.4 billion kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 93.8 billion kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - exports: 91.7 million kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2009 est.);
Statistics: CIA World Factbook.
Displaying 1 to 7 of 8 items.
(Independent), Kuala Lumpur
(State-controlled news agency), Kuala Lumpur
(N/A), Kuala Lumpur
(Pro-government), Kuala Lumpur
(Independent, daily), Kuala Lumpur
Displaying 5 to 8 of 16 items.
M. Bakri Musa--writing for Malaysiakini.com, Kuala Lumpur's only independent Web site--reflects on former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad's legacy.
Anil Netto writes about poverty in Malaysian rural cities for the international news agency Inter Press Service.
Fahmy Howeidy, writing for the Saudi-owned Al-Sharq al-Awsat, comments on the similarities between Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad's statements on Jews and Lt. Gen. William Boykin's statements on Muslims.
Malaysian police recently removed the computers from the Malaysian news Web site Malaysiakini.com because of a letter he ran. Steven Gan, editor of the Web site, writes about the experience here.