Mauritius

Map Mauritius
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Mauritius

Facts

Background: Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch - who named it in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU - in the 17th century. The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later an air station, playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signal intelligence. Independence from the UK was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Recent poor weather, declining sugar prices, and declining textile and apparel production, have slowed economic growth, leading to some protests over standards of living in the Creole community.
Location: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Area land: 2,030 sq km
Area water: 10 sq km
Coastline: 177 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Mauritius
Country name conventional short form: Mauritius
Country name former: Republic of Mauritius
Population: 1,303,717 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 21.8% (male 145,185/female 139,579); 15-64 years: 70.7% (male 457,743/female 463,875); 65 years and over: 7.5% (male 38,944/female 58,391) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.729% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 13.97 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 6.68 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female; total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 11.52 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 13.7 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 9.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.48 years; male: 71.01 years; female: 78.12 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.79 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 8,800 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 500 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Mauritian(s); adjective: Mauritian;
Ethnic groups: Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%;
Religions: Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other Christian 8.6%, other 2.5%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.4% (2000 census);
Languages: Creole 80.5%, Bhojpuri 12.1%, French 3.4%, English (official; spoken by less than 1% of the population), other 3.7%, unspecified 0.3% (2000 census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 84.4%; male: 88.4%; female: 80.5% (2000 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $17.49 billion (2010 est.); $16.88 billion (2009 est.); $16.37 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $9.427 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 3.6% (2010 est.); 3.1% (2009 est.); 5.1% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $13,500 (2010 est.); $13,100 (2009 est.); $12,800 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 4.8%; industry: 24.6%; services: 70.5% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 8% (2006 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 597,000 (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture and fishing: 9%; construction and industry: 30%; transportation and communication: 7%; trade, restaurants, hotels: 22%; finance: 6%; other services: 25% (2007);
Unemployment rate: 7.5% (2010 est.); 7.3% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $2.114 billion; expenditures: $2.583 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, mining, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery, tourism;
Industrial production growth rate: 3.3% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 2.321 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 2.158 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Le Matinal

(Independent, French-language), Port Louis
http://www.lematinal.com/

Le Mauricien

(Independent, French-language), Port Louis
http://www.lemauricien.com/mauricien/

L'Express

(Independent, French-language), Port Louis
http://www.lexpress.mu/

Scope Magazine

(Independent, French-language), Port Louis
http://www.lemauricien.com/wes/index.html

Turf Magazine

(Independent, French-language), Port Louis
http://www.lemauricien.com/turfmag/index.html

Week-end

(Independent, French-language), Port Louis
http://www.lemauricien.com/weekend/index.html

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