Background: In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
Location: Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
Area land: 702 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)
Coastline: 6,112 km
Country name conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
Country name conventional short form: none
Country name former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
Population: 106,836 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 33.6% (male 18,223/female 17,639); 15-64 years: 63.4% (male 33,566/female 34,215); 65 years and over: 3% (male 1,375/female 1,818) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: -0.313% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 22.22 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 4.35 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -20.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female; total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 24.34 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 26.89 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 21.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.52 years; male: 69.58 years; female: 73.55 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.74 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Micronesian(s); adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese;
Ethnic groups: Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4% (2000 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 52.7%, Congregational 40.1%, Baptist 0.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 0.7%, other 3.8%, none or unspecified 0.8% (2000 Census);
Languages: English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 89%; male: 91%; female: 88% (1980 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $238.1 million (2008 est.); $277 million (2002 est.);
GDP (official exchange rate): $238.1 million (2008);
GDP - real growth rate: NA%; 0.3% (2005 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,200 (2008 est.); $2,300 (2005 est.);
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 28.9%; industry: 15.2%; services: 55.9% (2004 est.);
Population below poverty line: 26.7% (2000);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 16,360 (2008);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 0.9%; industry: 34.4%; services: 64.7%;
Unemployment rate: 22% (2000 est.);
Budget: revenues: $166 million (FY07 est.); expenditures: $152.7 million (FY07 est.);
Industries: tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items (from shell, wood, and pearls);
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 192 million kWh (2002);
Electricity - consumption: 178.6 million kWh (2002);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2002);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2002);
Statistics: CIA World Factbook.
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