Micronesia

Map Micronesia
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Micronesia

Facts

Background: In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
Location: Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
Area land: 702 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)
Coastline: 6,112 km
Country name conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
Country name conventional short form: none
Country name former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
Population: 106,836 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 33.6% (male 18,223/female 17,639); 15-64 years: 63.4% (male 33,566/female 34,215); 65 years and over: 3% (male 1,375/female 1,818) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: -0.313% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 22.22 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 4.35 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -20.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female; total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 24.34 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 26.89 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 21.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.52 years; male: 69.58 years; female: 73.55 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.74 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Micronesian(s); adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese;
Ethnic groups: Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4% (2000 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 52.7%, Congregational 40.1%, Baptist 0.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 0.7%, other 3.8%, none or unspecified 0.8% (2000 Census);
Languages: English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 89%; male: 91%; female: 88% (1980 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $238.1 million (2008 est.); $277 million (2002 est.);

note: data are in 2008 US dollars
GDP supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually;
GDP (official exchange rate): $238.1 million (2008);
GDP - real growth rate: NA%; 0.3% (2005 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,200 (2008 est.); $2,300 (2005 est.);
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 28.9%; industry: 15.2%; services: 55.9% (2004 est.);
Population below poverty line: 26.7% (2000);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 16,360 (2008);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 0.9%; industry: 34.4%; services: 64.7%;
note: two-thirds are government employees (FY05 est.)

Unemployment rate: 22% (2000 est.);
Budget: revenues: $166 million (FY07 est.); expenditures: $152.7 million (FY07 est.);
Industries: tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items (from shell, wood, and pearls);
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 192 million kWh (2002);
Electricity - consumption: 178.6 million kWh (2002);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2002);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2002);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Micronesia in the News

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Displaying 137 to 140 of 342 items.

Victory After the War Is Hardly Moral

It is hardly possible that recent revelations highlighting grave errors in the handling of the Iraq war are not going to have an impact on the future plans of U.S. policymakers. Analysts worldwide are looking out for signs of change indicating that a more moral approach toward international law has been adopted. Just how feasible such change is will likely become clear over the next few months.

The Death Penalty

Today, the United States carried out its 1,000th execution since 1976 — when the Supreme Court lifted a moratorium it had imposed on the death penalty in 1968. Of these, 857 have taken place since 1991. The tally by method: 829 by lethal injection, 152 by electrocution, 11 by gas chamber, three by hanging and two by firing squad.

Internal U.S. Legal Issues on the War on Terror

The controversy surrounding the U.S. war in Iraq is reaching unprecedented heights as the net closes in on the C.I.A. intelligence leak and a snowball effect sets in. President George W. Bush tried to shake off his opponents by calling people “deeply irresponsible” who think that they can “rewrite the history of how that war began” during his Veterans Day speech. Yet his words might have the opposite effect.

Iran: Iraq War Puts Off U.S. Invasion

On Nov. 20, four days before the U.N. International Atomic Energy Agency’s 35-member board began its three-day November meeting, the Majlis (Iran’s parliament) adopted a resolution requiring the government to cancel all its voluntary measures of cooperation with the I.A.E.A. if Iran is referred by the board to the U.N. Security Council for “action.”

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