Micronesia

Map Micronesia
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Micronesia

Facts

Background: In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
Location: Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
Area land: 702 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km (fresh water only)
Coastline: 6,112 km
Country name conventional long form: Federated States of Micronesia
Country name conventional short form: none
Country name former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
Population: 106,836 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 33.6% (male 18,223/female 17,639); 15-64 years: 63.4% (male 33,566/female 34,215); 65 years and over: 3% (male 1,375/female 1,818) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: -0.313% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 22.22 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 4.35 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -20.99 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female; total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 24.34 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 26.89 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 21.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.52 years; male: 69.58 years; female: 73.55 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.74 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Micronesian(s); adjective: Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese;
Ethnic groups: Chuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4% (2000 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 52.7%, Congregational 40.1%, Baptist 0.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 0.7%, other 3.8%, none or unspecified 0.8% (2000 Census);
Languages: English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 89%; male: 91%; female: 88% (1980 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $238.1 million (2008 est.); $277 million (2002 est.);

note: data are in 2008 US dollars
GDP supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually;
GDP (official exchange rate): $238.1 million (2008);
GDP - real growth rate: NA%; 0.3% (2005 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,200 (2008 est.); $2,300 (2005 est.);
note: data are in 2008 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 28.9%; industry: 15.2%; services: 55.9% (2004 est.);
Population below poverty line: 26.7% (2000);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 16,360 (2008);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 0.9%; industry: 34.4%; services: 64.7%;
note: two-thirds are government employees (FY05 est.)

Unemployment rate: 22% (2000 est.);
Budget: revenues: $166 million (FY07 est.); expenditures: $152.7 million (FY07 est.);
Industries: tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items (from shell, wood, and pearls);
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 192 million kWh (2002);
Electricity - consumption: 178.6 million kWh (2002);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2002);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2002);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Micronesia in the News

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Displaying 153 to 156 of 342 items.

‘Guantanamo’: The War on the War on Terror

“As one can tell from its title, ‘Guantanamo’ is a polemic against the continued detention without trial of some 550 suspected terrorists at the United States Naval Station in Cuba.” Erik Schechter reviews David Rose’s “Guantanamo: The War on Human Rights.”

Neocons and Liberals Together, Again

“After an initial spate of public pronouncements after Sept. 11 and during the onset of the Iraq occupation,” writes Tom Barry of the International Relations Center, the neoconservative “Project for the New American Century is again positioning itself as the policy institute that will set the second Bush administration’s security agenda.”

Uncle Sam Wants You!

Not since Vietnam has the United States military been under so much pressure to recruit new volunteers. The Army alone plans to hire 1,000 additional recruiters this year. As the fighting continues in Iraq, expect military recruiting tactics to become more visible and more aggressive. By Am Johal.

The Future of Iraq and U.S. Occupation

“You might get a substantial Shiite majority rearming, developing weapons of mass destruction, to try to get rid of the U.S. outposts that are there to try to make sure that the U.S. controls most of the oil reserves of the world.” In this excerpt from a presentation given Jan. 26, Noam Chomsky gives his thoughts on what comes after the Iraq election.

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