Namibia

Map Namibia
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Namibia

Facts

Background: South Africa occupied the German colony of South-West Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II, when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence for the area that became Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Namibia has been governed by SWAPO since the country won independence in 1990. Hifikepunye POHAMBA was elected president in November 2004 in a landslide victory replacing Sam NUJOMA who led the country during its first 14 years of self rule. POHAMBA was reelected in November 2009.
Location: Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa
Area land: 823,290 sq km
Area water: 1,002 sq km
Coastline: 1,572 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Namibia
Country name conventional short form: Namibia
Country name former: German Southwest Africa, South-West Africa
Population: 2,147,585
Age structure: 0-14 years: 34.2% (male 371,078/female 364,232); 15-64 years: 61.7% (male 671,853/female 652,414); 65 years and over: 4.1% (male 38,851/female 49,157) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.873% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 21.48 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 12.95 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female; total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 45.59 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 48.86 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 42.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 52.19 years; male: 52.48 years; female: 51.89 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.49 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 13.1% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 180,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 6,700 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Namibian(s); adjective: Namibian;
Ethnic groups: black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%;

note: about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups include Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%

Religions: Christian 80% to 90% (Lutheran 50% at least), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%;
Languages: English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages 1% (includes Oshivambo, Herero, Nama);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 85%; male: 86.8%; female: 83.5% (2001 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $14.64 billion (2010 est.); $14.06 billion (2009 est.); $14.17 billion (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $11.45 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 4.1% (2010 est.); -0.8% (2009 est.); 4.3% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $6,900 (2010 est.); $6,700 (2009 est.); $6,800 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 9%; industry: 32.7%; services: 58.2% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 55.8%;
note: the UNDP's 2005 Human Development Report indicated that 34.9% of the population live on $1 per day and 55.8% live on $2 per day (2005 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.1%; highest 10%: 53% (2008);
Labor force: 729,000 (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 16.3%; industry: 22.4%; services: 61.3% (2008 est.);
Unemployment rate: 51.2% (2008 est.); 36.7% (2004 est.);
Budget: revenues: $2.977 billion; expenditures: $3.817 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining (diamonds, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper);
Industrial production growth rate: 6.5% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 1.491 billion kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 2.845 billion kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - exports: 40 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - imports: 2.045 billion kWh (2007 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

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Displaying 1 to 7 of 8 items.

Die Republikein

(Organ of DTA party, Afrikaans-language), Windhoek
http://www.republikein.com.na/

Economist, The

(Business monthly), Windhoek
http://www.economist.com.na/

Namibia Press Agency, The

(National news agency), Windhoek
http://www.nampa.org/

Namibian, The

(Liberal), Windhoek
http://www.namibian.com.na/

New Era

(Government-owned), Maerua Park
http://www.newera.com.na/

Prime Focus

(Monthly business magazine),
http://www.primefocusmag.com/

Republikein

(Daily affiliation), Windhoek
http://www.republikein.com.na/

Namibia in the News

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