Palau

Map Palau
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

No flag available.

Facts

Background: After three decades as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific under US administration, this westernmost cluster of the Caroline Islands opted for independence in 1978 rather than join the Federated States of Micronesia. A Compact of Free Association with the US was approved in 1986 but not ratified until 1993. It entered into force the following year when the islands gained independence.
Location: Oceania, group of islands in the North Pacific Ocean, southeast of the Philippines
Area land: 459 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 1,519 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Palau
Country name conventional short form: Palau
Country name former: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Palau District
Population: 20,956 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 21.5% (male 2,329/female 2,187); 15-64 years: 72% (male 8,355/female 6,724); 65 years and over: 6.5% (male 402/female 959) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.363% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 10.74 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 7.87 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.064 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.25 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.43 male(s)/female; total population: 1.13 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 12.43 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 14.06 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 10.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.78 years; male: 68.63 years; female: 75.12 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.73 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Palauan(s); adjective: Palauan;
Ethnic groups: Palauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 69.9%, Filipino 15.3%, Chinese 4.9%, other Asian 2.4%, white 1.9%, Carolinian 1.4%, other Micronesian 1.1%, other or unspecified 3.2% (2000 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 41.6%, Protestant 23.3%, Modekngei 8.8% (indigenous to Palau), Seventh-Day Adventist 5.3%, Jehovah's Witness 0.9%, Latter-Day Saints 0.6%, other 3.1%, unspecified or none 16.4% (2000 census);
Languages: Palauan 64.7% official in all islands except Sonsoral (Sonsoralese and English are official), Tobi (Tobi and English are official), and Angaur (Angaur, Japanese, and English are official), Filipino 13.5%, English 9.4%, Chinese 5.7%, Carolinian 1.5%, Japanese 1.5%, other Asian 2.3%, other languages 1.5% (2000 census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 92%; male: 93%; female: 90% (1980 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $164 million (2008 est.); $124.5 million (2004 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars
GDP estimate includes US subsidy;
GDP (official exchange rate): $164 million (2008);
GDP - real growth rate: NA% (2009); 5.5% (2005 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $8,100 (2008 est.); $7,600 (2005 est.);
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 6.2%; industry: 12%; services: 81.8% (2003);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 9,777 (2005);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 20%; industry: NA%; services: NA% (1990);
Unemployment rate: 4.2% (2005 est.);
Budget: revenues: $114.8 million; expenditures: $99.5 million (2008 est.);
Industries: tourism, craft items (from shell, wood, pearls), construction, garment making;
Industrial production growth rate: NA%;
Electricity - production: 
Electricity - consumption: 
Electricity - exports: 
Electricity - imports: 

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

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