Papua New Guinea

Map Papua New Guinea
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Papua New Guinea

Facts

Background: The eastern half of the island of New Guinea - second largest in the world - was divided between Germany (north) and the UK (south) in 1885. The latter area was transferred to Australia in 1902, which occupied the northern portion during World War I and continued to administer the combined areas until independence in 1975. A nine-year secessionist revolt on the island of Bougainville ended in 1997 after claiming some 20,000 lives.
Location: Oceania, group of islands including the eastern half of the island of New Guinea between the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean, east of Indonesia
Area land: 452,860 sq km
Area water: 9,980 sq km
Coastline: 5,152 km
Country name conventional long form: Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Country name conventional short form: Papua New Guinea
Country name former: Territory of Papua and New Guinea
Population: 6,187,591 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 36.4% (male 1,145,946/female 1,106,705); 15-64 years: 60% (male 1,907,787/female 1,802,144); 65 years and over: 3.6% (male 121,207/female 103,802) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.985% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 26.44 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 6.58 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 1.2 male(s)/female; total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 43.29 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 47.12 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 39.28 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 66.24 years; male: 64.02 years; female: 68.56 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 3.46 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.9% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 34,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,300 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Papua New Guinean(s); adjective: Papua New Guinean;
Ethnic groups: Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian;
Religions: Roman Catholic 27%, Evangelical Lutheran 19.5%, United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, Pentecostal 8.6%, Evangelical Alliance 5.2%, Anglican 3.2%, Baptist 2.5%, other Protestant 8.9%, Bahai 0.3%, indigenous beliefs and other 3.3% (2000 census);
Languages: Tok Pisin, English, and Hiri Motu are official languages; some 860 indigenous languages spoken (over one-tenth of the world's total);

note: Tok Pisin, a creole language, is widely used and understood; English is spoken by 1%-2%; Hiri Motu is spoken by less than 2%

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 57.3%; male: 63.4%; female: 50.9% (2000 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $14.93 billion (2010 est.); $14.06 billion (2009 est.); $13.33 billion (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $8.809 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 6.2% (2010 est.); 5.5% (2009 est.); 6.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,500 (2010 est.); $2,400 (2009 est.); $2,300 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 32.2%; industry: 35.7%; services: 32.1% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 37% (2002 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.7%; highest 10%: 40.5% (1996);
Labor force: 3.809 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 85%; industry: NA%; services: NA% (2005 est.);
Unemployment rate: 1.8% (2004);
Budget: revenues: $2.917 billion; expenditures: $2.765 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production, petroleum refining; construction, tourism;
Industrial production growth rate: 10% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 2.885 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 2.683 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

National Online, The

(Independent), Port Moresby
http://www.thenational.com.pg/

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