Qatar

Map Qatar
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Qatar

Facts

Background: Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the Amir, who had ruled the country since 1972. His son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, overthrew him in a bloodless coup in 1995. In 2001, Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. As of 2007, oil and natural gas revenues had enabled Qatar to attain the second-highest per capita income in the world.
Location: Middle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia
Area land: 11,586 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 563 km
Country name conventional long form: State of Qatar
Country name conventional short form: Qatar
Country name former: State of Qatar
Population: 848,016 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 21.8% (male 95,240/female 89,446); 15-64 years: 76.7% (male 460,673/female 189,914); 65 years and over: 1.5% (male 7,311/female 5,432) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.81% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 15.48 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 2.43 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -4.94 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.056 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 2.44 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 1.36 male(s)/female; total population: 1.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 12.05 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 12.83 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 11.22 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.7 years; male: 73.96 years; female: 77.53 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.43 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: less than 0.1% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: fewer than 200 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 100 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Qatari(s); adjective: Qatari;
Ethnic groups: Arab 40%, Indian 18%, Pakistani 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%;
Religions: Muslim 77.5%, Christian 8.5%, other 14% (2004 census);
Languages: Arabic (official), English commonly used as a second language;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 89%; male: 89.1%; female: 88.6% (2004 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $122.2 billion (2010 est.); $102.3 billion (2009 est.); $93.44 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $126.5 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 19.4% (2010 est.); 9.5% (2009 est.); 11.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $145,300 (2010 est.); $122,800 (2009 est.); $113,300 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 0.1%; industry: 78.8%; services: 21.1% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 1.254 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: 
Unemployment rate: 0.5% (2010 est.); 0.5% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $44.62 billion; expenditures: $29.69 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: liquefied natural gas, crude oil production and refining, ammonia, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement, commercial ship repair;
Industrial production growth rate: 27.1% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 15.11 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 13.73 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Al-Raya

(Pro-government), Doha
http://www.raya.com/

Al-Watan

(Arabic), Doha
http://www.al-watan.com/

Qatar Journal

(Independent, online), Doha
http://qatarjournal.com/

Qatar Tribune

(Independent daily), Doha
http://www.qatar-tribune.com/

Society Magazine

(Monthly Family Magazine), Doha
http://www.society.qa/

Qatar in the News

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In the last few years Qatar has expanded its role in world affairs through multilateral organizations, international institutions and foreign investment.

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