Samoa

Map Samoa
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Samoa

Facts

Background: New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in 1997.
Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand
Area land: 2,821 sq km
Area water: 10 sq km
Coastline: 403 km
Country name conventional long form: Independent State of Samoa
Country name conventional short form: Samoa
Country name former: Western Samoa
Population: 193,161
Age structure: 0-14 years: 35.4% (male 35,233/female 33,060); 15-64 years: 59.4% (male 59,366/female 55,376); 65 years and over: 5.2% (male 4,472/female 5,654) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.6% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 22.5 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 5.34 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -11.16 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.051 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female; total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 22.74 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 26.88 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 18.39 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.4 years; male: 69.55 years; female: 75.39 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 3.22 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Samoan(s); adjective: Samoan;
Ethnic groups: Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians (persons of European and Polynesian blood) 7%, Europeans 0.4% (2001 census);
Religions: Congregationalist 34.8%, Roman Catholic 19.6%, Methodist 15%, Latter-Day Saints 12.7%, Assembly of God 6.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.5%, Worship Centre 1.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.9%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census);
Languages: Samoan (Polynesian) (official), English;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 99.7%; male: 99.6%; female: 99.7% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.002 billion (2010 est.); $1.022 billion (2009 est.); $1.059 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $550 million (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: -2% (2010 est.); -3.5% (2009 est.); -3.4% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,200 (2010 est.); $5,400 (2009 est.); $5,600 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 11.6%; industry: 13.1%; services: 75.3% (2004 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 66,270 (2007 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: NA%; industry: NA%; services: NA%;
Unemployment rate: NA%;
Budget: revenues: $171.3 million; expenditures: $78.1 million (FY04/05 est.);
Industries: food processing, building materials, auto parts;
Industrial production growth rate: 2.8% (2000);
Electricity - production: 109 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 101.4 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

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