Seychelles

Map Seychelles
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Seychelles

Facts

Background: A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. Independence came in 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993. President France-Albert RENE, who had served since 1977, was re-elected in 2001, but stepped down in 2004. Vice President James MICHEL took over the presidency and in July 2006 was elected to a new five-year term.
Location: archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar
Area land: 455 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 491 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Seychelles
Country name conventional short form: Seychelles
Country name former: Republic of Seychelles
Population: 89,188 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 21.9% (male 9,987/female 9,501); 15-64 years: 71% (male 33,044/female 30,277); 65 years and over: 7.2% (male 2,399/female 3,980) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.945% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 15.33 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 6.91 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 1.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.031 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.09 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female; total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 11.66 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 14.62 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 8.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.52 years; male: 68.87 years; female: 78.32 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.91 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Seychellois (singular and plural); adjective: Seychellois;
Ethnic groups: mixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab;
Religions: Roman Catholic 82.3%, Anglican 6.4%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.1%, other Christian 3.4%, Hindu 2.1%, Muslim 1.1%, other non-Christian 1.5%, unspecified 1.5%, none 0.6% (2002 census);
Languages: Creole 91.8%, English 4.9% (official), other 3.1%, unspecified 0.2% (2002 census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 91.8%; male: 91.4%; female: 92.3% (2002 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.908 billion (2010 est.); $1.843 billion (2009 est.); $1.83 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $919 million (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 2,009% (2010 est.); 1% (2009 est.); -1.3% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $21,600 (2010 est.); $21,100 (2009 est.); $21,100 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2.9%; industry: 30.8%; services: 66.2% (2009 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 39,560 (2006);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 3%; industry: 23%; services: 74% (2006);
Unemployment rate: 2% (2006 est.);
Budget: revenues: $316.5 million; expenditures: $310.3 million (2010 est.);
Industries: fishing, tourism, processing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture; beverages;
Industrial production growth rate: 2% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 250 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 232.5 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

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