Spain

Map Spain
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Spain

Facts

Background: Spain's powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to England. Subsequent failure to embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany in economic and political power. Spain remained neutral in World Wars I and II but suffered through a devastating civil war (1936-39). A peaceful transition to democracy following the death of dictator Francisco FRANCO in 1975, and rapid economic modernization (Spain joined the EU in 1986) gave Spain a dynamic and rapidly growing economy and made it a global champion of freedom and human rights. The government continues to battle the Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) terrorist organization, but its major focus for the immediate future will be on measures to reverse the severe economic recession that started in mid-2008.
Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, and Pyrenees Mountains; southwest of France
Area land: 498,980 sq km
Area water: 6,390 sq km
Coastline: 4,964 km
Country name conventional long form: Kingdom of Spain
Country name conventional short form: Spain
Country name former: Kingdom of Spain
Population: 46,754,784 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 15.1% (male 3,646,614/female 3,435,311); 15-64 years: 67.7% (male 16,036,556/female 15,637,090); 65 years and over: 17.1% (male 3,389,681/female 4,609,532) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.574% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 10.66 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 8.8 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 3.89 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.065 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female; total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 3.39 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 3.74 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 3.03 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.17 years; male: 78.16 years; female: 84.37 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.47 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.4% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 130,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,600 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Spaniard(s); adjective: Spanish;
Ethnic groups: composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types;
Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%;
Languages: Castilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%, are official regionally;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 97.9%; male: 98.7%; female: 97.2% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.376 trillion (2010 est.); $1.379 trillion (2009 est.); $1.432 trillion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $1.375 trillion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: -0.2% (2010 est.); -3.7% (2009 est.); 0.9% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $29,500 (2010 est.); $29,800 (2009 est.); $31,200 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2.9%; industry: 25.5%; services: 71.6% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 19.8% (2005);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.6%; highest 10%: 26.6% (2000);
Labor force: 22.96 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 4.2%; industry: 24%; services: 71.7% (2009 est.);
Unemployment rate: 20% (2010 est.); 18.1% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $515.8 billion; expenditures: $648.6 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: textiles and apparel (including footwear), food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, tourism, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment;
Industrial production growth rate: -2% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 300.5 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 276.1 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - exports: 16.92 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 5.88 billion kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

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Displaying 1 to 7 of 21 items.

ABC

(Conservative), Madrid
http://www.abc.es/

Actualidad Econ├│mic

(financial weekly), Madrid
http://www.actualidad-economica.com

Agencia EFE

(International news service), Madrid
http://www.efe.es

Avui

(Liberal, Catalan language), Barcelona
http://www.avui.com

Diari de Balears

((Catalan-language weekly)), Palma de Mallorca
http://www.diaridebalears.com/

El Correo

(Independent), Bilbao
http://www.elcorreodigital.com/

El Diario Vasco

(Independent), San Sebastián
http://www.eldiariovasco.com

Spain in the News

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Displaying 5 to 8 of 27 items.

One Country, One Language

The European Commission wants to improve young Europeans' grasp of foreign languages. However, EU member states find it difficult to implement concrete measures.

Inciting Terrorism

“The beatings and insults meted out to the Sub-Saharans in Melilla are something more radical and frightening than racism: they are the manifestation of a belligerent and potentially homicidal anti-humanism.”

Morocco's Tentative Tap-Dance With Terrorism

The bombings in Casablanca on May 16, 2003, and in Madrid last March 11, were both carried out almost entirely by Moroccan men. This fact is hard to swallow in a country that prides itself on its tolerant Islamic traditions and actively promotes itself as something of an exception within the Arab world.

Iraq a Vote Loser for Bush's European Allies

Analysis indicates Iraq policy has cost British Prime Minister Tony Blair and his Italian counterpart Silvio Berlusconi heavily at the ballot box.

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