Taiwan

Map Taiwan
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Taiwan

Facts

Background: In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of Taiwan's eventual status - as well as domestic political and economic reform.
Location: Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China
Area land: 32,260 sq km
Area water: 3,720 sq km
Coastline: 1,566.3 km
Country name conventional long form: none
Country name conventional short form: Taiwan
Country name former: Formosa
Population: 23,071,779 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 15.6% (male 1,875,359/female 1,732,007); 15-64 years: 73.4% (male 8,538,881/female 8,406,716); 65 years and over: 10.9% (male 1,198,591/female 1,320,225) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.193% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 8.9 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 7 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.084 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female; total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 5.18 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 5.46 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 4.88 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.32 years; male: 75.5 years; female: 81.36 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 1.15 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Taiwan (singular and plural);

note: example - he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwan
adjective: Taiwan;
Ethnic groups: Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%;
Religions: mixture of Buddhist and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%;
Languages: Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 96.1%; male: NA; female: NA (2003);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $823.6 billion (2010 est.); $745.4 billion (2009 est.); $759.8 billion (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $427 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 10.5% (2010 est.); -1.9% (2009 est.); 0.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $35,800 (2010 est.); $32,400 (2009 est.); $33,100 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1.4%; industry: 31.1%; services: 67.5% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 1.16% (2010 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA; highest 10%: 40.3% (2010);
Labor force: 11.07 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 5.2%; industry: 35.9%; services: 58.8% (2010 est.);
Unemployment rate: 5.2% (2010 est.); 5.9% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $72.24 billion; expenditures: $79.65 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: electronics, communications and information technology products, petroleum refining, armaments, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticals ;
Industrial production growth rate: 26.4% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 229.1 billion kWh (2009);
Electricity - consumption: 220.8 billion kWh (2009);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2009 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

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Displaying 8 to 10 of 10 items.

Taiwan Review

Taipei
http://taiwanreview.nat.gov.tw/

Taiwan Today

Taipei
http://www.taiwantoday.tw/

Zihyou Shihbao/Liberty Times

Taipei
http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/

Taiwan in the News

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Displaying 21 to 24 of 35 items.

No Honeymoon for President Chen

Wang Yeh-lih, writing for the Taipei Times, looks at Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian's prospects following the island's hotly contested presidential elections.

One Country, Two Elections

The 'one country, two systems' policy and its political implications have come back to haunt Chinese leaders now grappling with 'separatist' electoral moves in both Taiwan and Hong Kong.

Taiwan: What’s in a Name?

Lee Shuyu reviews the press debate over Taiwan's adding Taiwan to its passports, in addition to the historically loaded official name, 'Republic of China.'

The Impact of SARS

Comment from Beijing, Seoul, Melbourne, Buenos Aires, Athens, Bulawayo, and Taipei

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