Uganda

Map Uganda
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Uganda

Facts

Background: The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.
Location: Eastern Africa, west of Kenya, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Area land: 197,100 sq km
Area water: 43,938 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Uganda
Country name conventional short form: Uganda
Country name former: Republic of Uganda
Population: 34,612,250
Age structure: 0-14 years: 49.9% (male 8,692,239/female 8,564,571); 15-64 years: 48.1% (male 8,383,548/female 8,255,473); 65 years and over: 2.1% (male 291,602/female 424,817) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 3.576% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 47.49 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 11.71 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female; total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 62.47 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 66.05 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 58.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 53.24 years; male: 52.17 years; female: 54.33 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 6.69 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 6.5% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.2 million (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 64,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Ugandan(s); adjective: Ugandan;
Ethnic groups: Baganda 16.9%, Banyakole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other 29.6% (2002 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42% (Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.5%), Muslim 12.1%, other 3.1%, none 0.9% (2002 census);
Languages: English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 66.8%; male: 76.8%; female: 57.7% (2002 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $41.7 billion (2010 est.); $39.41 billion (2009 est.); $36.76 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $17.12 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 5.8% (2010 est.); 7.2% (2009 est.); 8.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,200 (2010 est.); $1,200 (2009 est.); $1,200 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 23.6%; industry: 24.5%; services: 51.9% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 35% (2001 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.6%; highest 10%: 34.1% (2005);
Labor force: 15.51 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 82%; industry: 5%; services: 13% (1999 est.);
Unemployment rate: NA%;
Budget: revenues: $2.457 billion; expenditures: $2.938 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production;
Industrial production growth rate: 6% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 2.256 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 2.068 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 30 million kWh (2007);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Bukedde

(Local Language Daily), Kampala
http://www.bukedde.co.ug/

Daily Monitor

(Independent), Kampala
http://www.monitor.co.ug/

New Vision, The

(Government-owned, Independent), Kampala
http://www.newvision.co.ug/

The Observer

(English-language), Kampala
http://www.observer.ug/

Uganda in the News

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Displaying 9 to 12 of 20 items.

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