United States

Map United States
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of United States

Facts

Background: Britain's American colonies broke with the mother country in 1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions. The two most traumatic experiences in the nation's history were the Civil War (1861-65), in which a northern Union of states defeated a secessionist Confederacy of 11 southern slave states, and the Great Depression of the 1930s, an economic downturn during which about a quarter of the labor force lost its jobs. Buoyed by victories in World Wars I and II and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the US remains the world's most powerful nation state. Over a span of more than five decades, the economy has achieved steady growth, low unemployment and inflation, and rapid advances in technology.
Location: North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico
Area land: 9,161,966 sq km
Area water: 664,709 sq km
Coastline: 19,924 km
Country name conventional long form: United States of America
Country name conventional short form: United States
Country name former: United States of America
Population: 313,232,044 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 20.1% (male 32,107,900/female 30,781,823); 15-64 years: 66.8% (male 104,411,352/female 104,808,064); 65 years and over: 13.1% (male 17,745,363/female 23,377,542) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 0.963% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 13.83 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 8.38 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 4.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.047 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female; total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 6.06 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 6.72 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 5.37 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.37 years; male: 75.92 years; female: 80.93 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.06 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.6% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.2 million (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 17,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: American(s); adjective: American;
Ethnic groups: white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate);

note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean persons of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin including those of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican Republic, Spanish, and Central or South American origin living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.); about 15.1% of the total US population is Hispanic

Religions: Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.);
Languages: English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census);
note: Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 99%; male: 99%; female: 99% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $14.72 trillion (2010 est.); $14.33 trillion (2009 est.); $14.72 trillion (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $14.62 trillion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 2.7% (2010 est.); -2.6% (2009 est.); 0% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $47,400 (2010 est.); $46,700 (2009 est.); $48,300 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1.2%; industry: 22.2%; services: 76.7% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 12% (2004 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2%; highest 10%: 30% (2007 est.);
Labor force: 154.9 million;
note: includes unemployed (2010 est.)

Labor force - by occupation: farming, forestry, and fishing: 0.7%; manufacturing, extraction, transportation, and crafts: 20.3%; managerial, professional, and technical: 37.3%; sales and office: 24.2%; other services: 17.6%;
note: figures exclude the unemployed (2009)

Unemployment rate: 9.7% (2010 est.); 9.3% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $2.092 trillion; expenditures: $3.397 trillion (2010 est.);
Industries: highly diversified, world leading, high-technology innovator, second largest industrial output in world; petroleum, steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumber, mining;
Industrial production growth rate: 3.3% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 4.11 trillion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 3.873 trillion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - exports: 24.08 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 57.02 billion kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

United States of America in the News

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Displaying 1 to 4 of 340 items.

Americans Who Gained Health Insurance Coverage Under the ACA by State

According to an analysis by the Urban Institute, between 2010 and 2015, more than 19 million non-elderly people gained health insurance under the  Affordable Care Act. The top 10 states that ranked the highest based on percent of total population insured through the A.C.A. are Nevada (1), California (2), Oregon (3), Kentucky (4), New Mexico (5), West Virginia (6), Florida (7), Arkansas (8), Colorado (9), and Washington (10).

How a Democracy Can Implode

In 2014, voter turnout for mid-term elections plunged to the lowest rate in 72 years. The overall national turnout was a disgraceful 36.3 percent.  

Republican Yes Votes on Health Care

Cases of beer were wheeled into the Capitol after the House narrowly passed a health care bill on May 4, 2017, that would repeal and replace major parts of the Affordable Care Act. Every Democrat voted no, joined by 20 Republicans.

The Win: The Forgotten Americans vs the Loss: Trump Wants Revenge

Trump could throw revenge to the wind and focus instead on fixing the health care system like he promised all those forgotten people — and then proudly call it Trumpcare.

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