Vanuatu

Map Vanuatu
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Vanuatu

Facts

Background: Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding European exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980, when the new name of Vanuatu was adopted.
Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Australia
Area land: 12,189 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 2,528 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Vanuatu
Country name conventional short form: Vanuatu
Country name former: New Hebrides
Population: 224,564 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 29.6% (male 33,968/female 32,550); 15-64 years: 66.1% (male 75,559/female 72,919); 65 years and over: 4.3% (male 4,862/female 4,706) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.343% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 20.86 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 7.43 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 1.05 male(s)/female; total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 46.85 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 49.3 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 44.28 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 64.7 years; male: 63.04 years; female: 66.44 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.39 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA;
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA;
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA;
Nationality: noun: Ni-Vanuatu (singular and plural); adjective: Ni-Vanuatu;
Ethnic groups: Ni-Vanuatu 98.5%, other 1.5% (1999 Census);
Religions: Presbyterian 31.4%, Anglican 13.4%, Roman Catholic 13.1%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, other Christian 13.8%, indigenous beliefs 5.6% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 9.6%, none 1%, unspecified 1.3% (1999 Census);
Languages: local languages (more than 100) 72.6%, pidgin (known as Bislama or Bichelama) 23.1%, English (official) 1.9%, French (official) 1.4%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.7% (1999 Census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 74%; male: NA; female: NA (1999 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.216 billion (2010 est.); $1.168 billion (2009 est.); $1.126 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $721 million (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 4.1% (2010 est.); 3.8% (2009 est.); 6.6% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,500 (2010 est.); $5,300 (2009 est.); $5,200 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 26%; industry: 12%; services: 62% (2000 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%; highest 10%: NA%;
Labor force: 115,900 (2007);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 65%; industry: 5%; services: 30% (2000 est.);
Unemployment rate: 1.7% (1999);
Budget: revenues: $78.7 million; expenditures: $72.23 million (2005 est.);
Industries: food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning;
Industrial production growth rate: 
Electricity - production: 42 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 39.06 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

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