Benin

Map Benin
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Benin

Facts

Background: Present day Benin was the site of Dahomey, a prominent West African kingdom that rose in the 15th century. The territory became a French Colony in 1872 and achieved independence on 1 August 1960, as the Republic of Benin. A succession of military governments ended in 1972 with the rise to power of Mathieu KEREKOU and the establishment of a government based on Marxist-Leninist principles. A move to representative government began in 1989. Two years later, free elections ushered in former Prime Minister Nicephore SOGLO as president, marking the first successful transfer of power in Africa from a dictatorship to a democracy. KEREKOU was returned to power by elections held in 1996 and 2001, though some irregularities were alleged. KEREKOU stepped down at the end of his second term in 2006 and was succeeded by Thomas YAYI Boni, a political outsider and independent. YAYI has attempted to stem corruption and has strongly promoted accelerating Benin's economic growth.
Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Nigeria and Togo
Area land: 110,622 sq km
Area water: 2,000 sq km
Coastline: 121 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Benin
Country name conventional short form: Benin
Country name former: Dahomey
Population: 9,325,032
Age structure: 0-14 years: 44.7% (male 2,126,973/female 2,042,340); 15-64 years: 52.6% (male 2,443,370/female 2,461,421); 65 years and over: 2.7% (male 101,640/female 149,288) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 2.911% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 38.11 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 9 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female; total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 61.56 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 64.89 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 58.07 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 59.84 years; male: 58.61 years; female: 61.14 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 5.31 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.2% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 60,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 2,700 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Beninese (singular and plural); adjective: Beninese;
Ethnic groups: Fon and related 39.2%, Adja and related 15.2%, Yoruba and related 12.3%, Bariba and related 9.2%, Peulh and related 7%, Ottamari and related 6.1%, Yoa-Lokpa and related 4%, Dendi and related 2.5%, other 1.6% (includes Europeans), unspecified 2.9% (2002 census);
Religions: Christian 42.8% (Catholic 27.1%, Celestial 5%, Methodist 3.2%, other Protestant 2.2%, other 5.3%), Muslim 24.4%, Vodoun 17.3%, other 15.5% (2002 census);
Languages: French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 34.7%; male: 47.9%; female: 23.3% (2002 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $14.2 billion (2010 est.); $13.79 billion (2009 est.); $13.42 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $6.494 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 3% (2010 est.); 2.7% (2009 est.); 5.1% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,600 (2010 est.); $1,600 (2009 est.); $1,600 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 33.2%; industry: 14.5%; services: 52.3% (2007 est.);
Population below poverty line: 37.4% (2007 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3.1%; highest 10%: 29% (2003);
Labor force: 3.662 million (2007 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: 
Unemployment rate: NA%;
Budget: revenues: $1.348 billion; expenditures: $1.731 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: textiles, food processing, construction materials, cement;
Industrial production growth rate: 3% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 124 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 597 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 588 million kWh (2007 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Benin in the News

The Coke Coast: Cocaine and Failed States in Africa

The drug trade is fast turning large parts of West Africa into areas that are all but ungovernable, with major implications for international security.

 

Advertise with Worldpress.org