Cameroon

Map Cameroon
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

No flag available.

Facts

Background: The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Cameroon has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.
Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria
Area land: 472,710 sq km
Area water: 2,730 sq km
Coastline: 402 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Cameroon
Country name conventional short form: Cameroon
Country name former: French Cameroon, British Cameroon, Federal Republic of Cameroon, United Republic of Cameroon
Population: 19,711,291
Age structure: 0-14 years: 40.5% (male 4,027,381/female 3,956,219); 15-64 years: 56.2% (male 5,564,570/female 5,505,857); 65 years and over: 3.3% (male 300,929/female 356,335) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 2.121% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 33.04 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 11.83 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female; total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 60.91 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 65.48 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 56.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 54.39 years; male: 53.52 years; female: 55.28 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 4.17 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 5.3% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 610,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 37,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Cameroonian(s); adjective: Cameroonian;
Ethnic groups: Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%;
Religions: indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%;
Languages: 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 67.9%; male: 77%; female: 59.8% (2001 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $44.65 billion (2010 est.); $43.44 billion (2009 est.); $43.05 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $21.88 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 2.8% (2010 est.); 0.9% (2009 est.); 3.9% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,300 (2010 est.); $2,300 (2009 est.); $2,300 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 20%; industry: 30.9%; services: 49.1% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 48% (2000 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.3%; highest 10%: 35.4% (2001);
Labor force: 7.836 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 70%; industry: 13%; services: 17% (2001 est.);
Unemployment rate: 30% (2001 est.);
Budget: revenues: $3.779 billion; expenditures: $4.34 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair;
Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 5.601 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 4.801 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Le Messager

(Independent weekly), Douala
http://www.lemessager.net/

Cameroon in the News

Cameroon Nip and Tuck: Fleshing Out African Corruption

Julius Awafong hopes that giving larger votes to poor, working- and middle-class people through vote sizing will ease the misery they are suffering as a result of corruption.

 

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