Central African Republic

Map Central African Republic
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Central African Republic

Facts

Background: The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. President Ange-Felix PATASSE's civilian government was plagued by unrest, and in March 2003 he was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, a wide field of candidates contested the municipal, legislative, and presidential elections held in March and May of 2005 in which General BOZIZE was affirmed as president. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist. Unrest in the neighboring nations of Chad, Sudan, and the DRC continues to affect stability in the Central African Republic as well.
Location: Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Area land: 622,984 sq km
Area water: 0 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Country name conventional long form: Central African Republic
Country name conventional short form: none
Country name former: Ubangi-Shari, Central African Empire
Population: 4,950,027
Age structure: 0-14 years: 41% (male 1,021,144/female 1,007,819); 15-64 years: 55.3% (male 1,353,600/female 1,382,291); 65 years and over: 3.7% (male 73,977/female 111,196) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 2.146% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 36.46 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 15.01 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female; total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 99.38 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 107.34 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 91.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 50.07 years; male: 48.84 years; female: 51.35 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 4.63 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 4.7% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 130,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 11,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Central African(s); adjective: Central African;
Ethnic groups: Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%;
Religions: indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%;

note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority

Languages: French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 48.6%; male: 64.8%; female: 33.5% (2000 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $3.468 billion (2010 est.); $3.345 billion (2009 est.); $3.289 billion (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $2.113 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 3.7% (2010 est.); 1.7% (2009 est.); 2% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $700 (2010 est.); $700 (2009 est.); $700 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 55%; industry: 20%; services: 25% (2001 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2.1%; highest 10%: 33% (2003);
Labor force: 1.926 million (2007);
Labor force - by occupation: 
Unemployment rate: 8% (2001 est.);
note: 23% unemployment for Bangui

Budget: revenues: $334 million; expenditures: $362 million (2009 est.);
Industries: gold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, textiles, footwear, assembly of bicycles and motorcycles;
Industrial production growth rate: 3% (2002);
Electricity - production: 115 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 107 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Central African Republic in the News

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