Gambia

Map Gambia
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Gambia

Facts

Background: The Gambia gained its independence from the UK in 1965. Geographically surrounded by Senegal, it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia between 1982 and 1989. In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty, but tensions have flared up intermittently since then. Yahya JAMMEH led a military coup in 1994 that overthrew the president and banned political activity. A new constitution and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. JAMMEH has been elected president in all subsequent elections including most recently in late 2006.
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal
Area land: 10,000 sq km
Area water: 1,295 sq km
Coastline: 80 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of The Gambia
Country name conventional short form: The Gambia
Country name former: Republic of The Gambia
Population: 1,797,860 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 40% (male 360,732/female 358,440); 15-64 years: 56.9% (male 501,946/female 520,826); 65 years and over: 3.1% (male 26,645/female 29,271) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 2.396% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 34.19 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 7.65 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -2.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.98 male(s)/female; total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 71.67 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 77.3 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 65.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 63.51 years; male: 61.23 years; female: 65.86 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 4.23 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 2% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 18,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Gambian(s); adjective: Gambian;
Ethnic groups: African 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1% (2003 census);
Religions: Muslim 90%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 2%;
Languages: English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 40.1%; male: 47.8%; female: 32.8% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $3.406 billion (2010 est.); $3.244 billion (2009 est.); $3.073 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $1.04 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 5% (2010 est.); 5.6% (2009 est.); 6.3% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,900 (2010 est.); $1,800 (2009 est.); $1,800 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 30.1%; industry: 16.3%; services: 53.6% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: NA%;
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2%; highest 10%: 36.9% (2003);
Labor force: 777,100 (2007);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 75%; industry: 19%; services: 6% (1996);
Unemployment rate: NA%;
Budget: revenues: $183.9 million; expenditures: $202.5 million (2010 est.);
Industries: processing peanuts, fish, and hides; tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing;
Industrial production growth rate: 8.9%;
note: although The Gambia had the highest industrial growth rate in the world in 2009, this growth is from a tiny industrial base (2010 est.)

Electricity - production: 160 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 148.8 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Daily Observer, The

(Independent), Banjul
http://www.observer.gm/

The Gambia in the News

Making Law: Gambian Jurist Hassan Bubacar

Rachel S. Taylor profiles Gambian jurist Hassan Bubacar, chief prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

Gambia: A Lesson to Be Learned

Gambian reaction to the terrorist attacks on the United States

 

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