Ghana

Map Ghana
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Ghana

Facts

Background: Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996, but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. John Atta MILLS took over as head of state in early 2009.
Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
Area land: 227,533 sq km
Area water: 11,000 sq km
Coastline: 539 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Ghana
Country name conventional short form: Ghana
Country name former: Gold Coast
Population: 24,791,073
Age structure: 0-14 years: 36.5% (male 4,568,273/female 4,468,939); 15-64 years: 60% (male 7,435,449/female 7,436,204); 65 years and over: 3.6% (male 399,737/female 482,471) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.822% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 27.55 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 8.75 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female; total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 48.55 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 51.99 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 45.01 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 61 years; male: 59.78 years; female: 62.25 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 3.48 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.8% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 260,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 18,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Ghanaian(s); adjective: Ghanaian;
Ethnic groups: Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8% (2000 census);
Religions: Christian 68.8% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 24.1%, Protestant 18.6%, Catholic 15.1%, other 11%), Muslim 15.9%, traditional 8.5%, other 0.7%, none 6.1% (2000 census);
Languages: Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other 36.1% (includes English (official)) (2000 census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 57.9%; male: 66.4%; female: 49.8% (2000 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $38.24 billion (2010 est.); $36.53 billion (2009 est.); $35.09 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $18.06 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 4.7% (2010 est.); 4.1% (2009 est.); 7.3% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,600 (2010 est.); $1,500 (2009 est.); $1,500 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 33.7%; industry: 24.7%; services: 41.6% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 28.5% (2007 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2%; highest 10%: 32.8% (2006);
Labor force: 10.56 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 56%; industry: 15%; services: 29% (2005 est.);
Unemployment rate: 11% (2000 est.);
Budget: revenues: $5.518 billion; expenditures: $7.025 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building;
Industrial production growth rate: 5% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 6.746 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 5.702 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 249 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - imports: 435 million kWh (2007 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Modern Ghana


http://www.modernghana.com/ghanahome/

VibeGhana.com

(Independent), Accra
http://www.vibeghana.com/

Ghana in the News

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Displaying 17 to 20 of 23 items.

Shock, but No Awe

African press reaction to the war in Iraq followed the continent's strong antiwar stance. World Press Review associate editor Sarah Coleman surveys the regional press.

Ghana: What Price Reconciliation?

Ghana's National Reconciliation Commission, set up to redress past abuses in the country, has been getting mixed reviews. World Press Review Ghana correspondent George Sarpong surveys the local press.

Another Chance for Peace in Côte d’Ivoire

World Press Review correspondent Baba Doudou reports on Ivorian press response to the latest round of peace talks aimed at ending the civil war.

Ghana: Terrorism Is Not “Payback“

Ghanian reaction to the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington

 

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