Guatemala

Map Guatemala
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Guatemala

Facts

Background: The Mayan civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments, as well as a 36-year guerrilla war. In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had left more than 100,000 people dead and had created, by some estimates, some 1 million refugees.
Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico, and bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) between Honduras and Belize
Area land: 107,159 sq km
Area water: 1,730 sq km
Coastline: 400 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Guatemala
Country name conventional short form: Guatemala
Country name former: Republic of Guatemala
Population: 13,824,463 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 38.1% (male 2,678,340/female 2,582,472); 15-64 years: 58% (male 3,889,573/female 4,130,698); 65 years and over: 3.9% (male 252,108/female 291,272) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.986% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 26.96 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 4.98 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -2.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female; total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 26.02 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 28.26 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 23.67 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 70.88 years; male: 69.03 years; female: 72.83 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 3.27 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.8% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 62,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 2,600 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Guatemalan(s); adjective: Guatemalan;
Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001 census);
Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs;
Languages: Spanish (official) 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 69.1%; male: 75.4%; female: 63.3% (2002 census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $70.31 billion (2010 est.); $68.8 billion (2009 est.); $68.39 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $40.77 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 2.2% (2010 est.); 0.6% (2009 est.); 3.3% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $5,200 (2010 est.); $5,200 (2009 est.); $5,300 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 13.3%; industry: 24.4%; services: 62.3% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 56.2% (2004 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.3%; highest 10%: 42.4% (2006);
Labor force: 4.26 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 50%; industry: 15%; services: 35% (1999 est.);
Unemployment rate: 3.2% (2005 est.);
Budget: revenues: $4.897 billion; expenditures: $6.124 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism;
Industrial production growth rate: 2.6% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 8.425 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 7.115 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 131.9 million kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - imports: 8.11 million kWh (2007 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

El Periódico

(Independent), Guatemala City
http://www.elperiodico.com.gt/

Prensa Libre

(independent), Guatemala City
http://www.prensalibre.com.gt

Guatemala in the News

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Displaying 9 to 9 of 9 items.

Exhuming the Past

Guatemala is painfully exhuming its bloody past following a recent flurry of indictments in several of the country’s most notorious human-rights cases, arising from the “scorched earth” military repression of the early 1980s and the 1998 assassination of a Catholic bishop who exposed the armed forces’ involvement in these and other atrocities during the 36-year civil war that ended in 1996.

 

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