Malawi

Map Malawi
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Malawi

Facts

Background: Established in 1891, the British protectorate of Nyasaland became the independent nation of Malawi in 1964. After three decades of one-party rule under President Hastings Kamuzu BANDA the country held multiparty elections in 1994, under a provisional constitution that came into full effect the following year. Current President Bingu wa MUTHARIKA, elected in May 2004 after a failed attempt by the previous president to amend the constitution to permit another term, struggled to assert his authority against his predecessor and subsequently started his own party, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) in 2005. As president, MUTHARIKA has overseen some economic improvement. Population growth, increasing pressure on agricultural lands, corruption, and the spread of HIV/AIDS pose major problems for Malawi. MUTHARIKA was reelected to a second term in May 2009.
Location: Southern Africa, east of Zambia
Area land: 94,080 sq km
Area water: 24,404 sq km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Malawi
Country name conventional short form: Malawi
Country name former: British Central African Protectorate, Nyasaland Protectorate, Nyasaland
Population: 15,879,252
Age structure: 0-14 years: 45.1% (male 3,586,696/female 3,571,298); 15-64 years: 52.2% (male 4,140,874/female 4,155,015); 65 years and over: 2.7% (male 182,304/female 243,065) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 2.763% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 40.85 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 13.22 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.015 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female; total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 81.04 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 85.11 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 76.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 51.7 years; male: 50.93 years; female: 52.48 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 5.43 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 11% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 920,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 51,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Malawian(s); adjective: Malawian;
Ethnic groups: Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European;
Religions: Christian 79.9%, Muslim 12.8%, other 3%, none 4.3% (1998 census);
Languages: Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998 census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 62.7%; male: 76.1%; female: 49.8% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $13.51 billion (2010 est.); $12.69 billion (2009 est.); $11.79 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $5.035 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 6.5% (2010 est.); 7.6% (2009 est.); 9.8% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $900 (2010 est.); $800 (2009 est.); $800 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 33.4%; industry: 21.7%; services: 44.9% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 53% (2004);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 3%; highest 10%: 31.9% (2004);
Labor force: 5.747 million (2007 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.);
Unemployment rate: NA%;
Budget: revenues: $1.735 billion; expenditures: $1.769 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods;
Industrial production growth rate: 17.3% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 1.69 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 1.572 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Maravi Post


http://www.maravipost.com/

Malawi in the News

Africa Bites the Bullet on Genetically Modified Food Aid

The debate over genetically modified food aid has put starving Africans in the center of a global trade dispute. Meron Tesfa Michael reviews the debate in the African press.

The Year Nobody Will Survive

Meron Tesfa Michael reports that corruption and mismanagement may be as much to blame for Malawi's famine as bad weather.

 

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