Nigeria

Map Nigeria
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Nigeria

Facts

Background: British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country's history. In January 2010, Nigeria assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2010-11 term.
Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
Area land: 910,768 sq km
Area water: 13,000 sq km
Coastline: 853 km
Country name conventional long form: Federal Republic of Nigeria
Country name conventional short form: Nigeria
Country name former: Federal Republic of Nigeria
Population: 155,215,573
Age structure: 0-14 years: 40.9% (male 32,476,681/female 31,064,539); 15-64 years: 55.9% (male 44,296,228/female 42,534,542); 65 years and over: 3.1% (male 2,341,228/female 2,502,355) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.935% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 35.51 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 16.06 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female; total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 91.54 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 97.42 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 85.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 47.56 years; male: 46.76 years; female: 48.41 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 4.73 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 3.6% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 3.3 million (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 220,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Nigerian(s); adjective: Nigerian;
Ethnic groups: Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%;
Religions: Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%;
Languages: English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 68%; male: 75.7%; female: 60.6% (2003 est.);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $369.8 billion (2010 est.); $346.2 billion (2009 est.); $327.9 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $206.7 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 6.8% (2010 est.); 5.6% (2009 est.); 6% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $2,400 (2010 est.); $2,300 (2009 est.); $2,200 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 31.9%; industry: 32.9%; services: 35.2% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 70% (2007 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 2%; highest 10%: 32.4% (2004);
Labor force: 48.33 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 70%; industry: 10%; services: 20% (1999 est.);
Unemployment rate: 4.9% (2007 est.); ;
Budget: revenues: $18.16 billion; expenditures: $29.55 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: crude oil, coal, tin, columbite; rubber products, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel;
Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 21.92 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 19.21 billion kWh (2007 est.);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

AnswersAfrica

Enugu
https://answersafrica.com/

Guardian, The

(Independent), Lagos
http://www.ngrguardiannews.com/

Nigerian Tribune

(Independent), Ibadan
http://www.tribune.com.ng/

Punch, The

(Independent), Lagos
http://www.punchng.com/

Sun, The

(tabloid), Lagos
http://www.sunnewsonline.com/

Vanguard

(Liberal, independent), Lagos
http://www.vanguardngr.com/

Nigeria in the News

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Displaying 25 to 28 of 49 items.

Obasanjo's Tainted Victory

The buildup to the April elections in Nigeria was tense. Nervous citizens flooded embassies to obtain visas, withdrew money from banks, and stockpiled food. Many feared there would be civil unrest—or possibly even a military coup—following Nigeria’s first civilian-run presidential poll in 20 years.

Imagined Nigeria, Real Nigeria

Jean-Christophe Servant reports that Nigeria's problems—its violence, its poverty, its corruption, its inequities—are encroaching upon its new capital, Abuja.

Resolving Nigeria's Electoral Crisis

In an editorial, Lagos' independent This Day urges the losers of Nigeria's elections to seek redress in the courts and the winners to be gracious in their victory.

Nigeria's Dangerous Elections

Jean-Christophe Servant, writing from Abuja, Nigeria, reports that this month's national elections are fraught with risks for the country.

 

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