Peru

Map Peru
Maps copyright Hammond World Atlas Corp.

Flag of Peru

Facts

Background: Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by the Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his ouster in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which ushered in Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique as the new head of government - Peru's first democratically elected president of Native American ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA Perez who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, has overseen a robust macroeconomic performance.
Location: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador
Area land: 1,279,996 sq km
Area water: 5,220 sq km
Coastline: 2,414 km
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Peru
Country name conventional short form: Peru
Country name former: Republic of Peru
Population: 29,248,943 (July 2011 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 28.5% (male 4,245,023/female 4,101,220); 15-64 years: 65.1% (male 9,316,128/female 9,722,258); 65 years and over: 6.4% (male 885,703/female 978,611) (2011 est.);
Population growth rate: 1.029% (2011 est.)
Birth rate: 19.41 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Death rate: 5.93 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
Net migration rate: -3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.046 male(s)/female; under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female; 15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female; 65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female; total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.);
Infant mortality rate: total: 22.18 deaths/1,000 live births; male: 24.49 deaths/1,000 live births; female: 19.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.);
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.47 years; male: 70.55 years; female: 74.48 years (2011 est.);
Total fertility rate: 2.32 children born/woman (2011 est.);
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.4% (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 75,000 (2009 est.);
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 5,000 (2009 est.);
Nationality: noun: Peruvian(s); adjective: Peruvian;
Ethnic groups: Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%;
Religions: Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified or none 2.9% (2007 Census);
Languages: Spanish 84.1% (official), Quechua 13% (official), Aymara 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages 0.7% (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages), other 0.2% (2007 Census);
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 92.9%; male: 96.4%; female: 89.4% (2007 Census);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $276.9 billion (2010 est.); $254.8 billion (2009 est.); $252.5 billion (2008 est.);

note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate): $153.5 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 8.7% (2010 est.); 0.9% (2009 est.); 9.8% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $9,200 (2010 est.); $8,600 (2009 est.); $8,700 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 5.8%; industry: 33%; services: 52.6% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 34.8% (2009);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 1.5%; highest 10%: 37.9% (2006);
Labor force: 15.68 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 0.7%; industry: 23.8%; services: 75.5% (2005);
Unemployment rate: 7.9% (2010 est.); 8.4% (2009 est.);
note: data are for metropolitan Lima; widespread underemployment

Budget: revenues: $44.91 billion; expenditures: $47.04 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: mining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, textiles, clothing, food processing;
Industrial production growth rate: 8.5% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 35.79 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - consumption: 31.74 billion kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - exports: 111.9 million kWh (2008 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2008 est.);

Statistics: CIA World Factbook.

Press

Caretas

(Liberal newsmagazine), Lima
http://www.caretas.com.pe

Con Nuestro Peru

(Independent newsmagazine), Lima
http://www.connuestroperu.com/

Correo

(Independent, conservative), Lima
http://www.correoperu.com.pe

El Comercio

(Centrist, largest circulation), Lima
http://www.elcomercioperu.com.pe/

El Diario del Cusco

(Independent), Cuzco
http://www.diariodelcusco.com

Peru in the News

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Displaying 13 to 16 of 33 items.

Chilean Prosecutor Recommends Fujimori's Extradition

Chile's prosecutor on Thursday recommended former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori's extradition to Peru on charges of corruption and human rights violations.

Finally, Safe Demining

Following a series of mistakes that caused hundreds of accidents—many fatal—a new battalion of the National Police of Peru now ensures demining quality for 1,711 power transmission towers.

The Camisea Cover-Up

A multi-billion dollar natural-gas project in Peru’s Camisea rainforest has been plagued by frequent pipeline breaches, causing extensive environmental damage.

Extraditing Fujimori: The Other Dictator in Chile

Alberto Fujimori, remains in legal limbo in Chile where he awaits a Supreme Court judges’ decision on his extradition to Peru. He faces corruption and human rights abuses there.

 

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