Background: In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of Taiwan's eventual status - as well as domestic political and economic reform.
note: example - he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwanadjective: Taiwan;
Ethnic groups: Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%;
Religions: mixture of Buddhist and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%;
Languages: Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects;
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write; total population: 96.1%; male: NA; female: NA (2003);
GDP (purchasing power parity): $823.6 billion (2010 est.); $745.4 billion (2009 est.); $759.8 billion (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): $427 billion (2010 est.);
GDP - real growth rate: 10.5% (2010 est.); -1.9% (2009 est.); 0.7% (2008 est.);
GDP - per capita (PPP): $35,800 (2010 est.); $32,400 (2009 est.); $33,100 (2008 est.);
note: data are in 2010 US dollars
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1.4%; industry: 31.1%; services: 67.5% (2010 est.);
Population below poverty line: 1.16% (2010 est.);
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA; highest 10%: 40.3% (2010);
Labor force: 11.07 million (2010 est.);
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 5.2%; industry: 35.9%; services: 58.8% (2010 est.);
Unemployment rate: 5.2% (2010 est.); 5.9% (2009 est.);
Budget: revenues: $72.24 billion; expenditures: $79.65 billion (2010 est.);
Industries: electronics, communications and information technology products, petroleum refining, armaments, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticals ;
Industrial production growth rate: 26.4% (2010 est.);
Electricity - production: 229.1 billion kWh (2009);
Electricity - consumption: 220.8 billion kWh (2009);
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2009 est.);
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2009 est.);
Statistics: CIA World Factbook.
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(Monthly business magazine), Tapei
(English language), Taipei
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The Paris Agreement on climate change, was signed in New York on April 22 by world leaders of 175 countries at the largest, single-day signing ceremony in history. What once seemed unthinkable, is now unstoppable. Every nation has been encouraged to join the chorus of voices combating climate change. So why has Taiwan, who is ready and willing, with vast experience to share, been left on the sidelines?
Taiwan accepts World Health Organization invitation despite political caveat from China
Because Taiwan is geographically positioned to be battered by climate change, it could be a potentially valuable member of the UNFCCC.
Taiwan's continued exclusion from the U.N. system creates a loophole in global governance and compromises the principle of universality upon which the U.N. was founded.